Protective Dikes and Land Reclamation, The Netherlands (17) Protective Dikes and Land Reclamation: The Netherlands (4) Shinkansen – National High-Speed Railways: Japan (19) Solomon's Temple: Israel (7) The Alaska Highway: United States and Canada (10) The Aqueducts of Rome: Italy (36) The Brooklyn Bridge: The United States (11) This is no ordinary bit of land. Support measures have been extended until mid-2021, and the IMF forecasts unemployment rate to gradually decrease to 4.5% this year and 4% in 2020 (albeit the European Commission’s forecast expects a further increase to 6.4% in 2021, peaking in the second half of the year after government support is rolled back). In between Germany and France sit the Low Countries, a coastal region of northwestern Europe, consisting of Belgium, the Nehterlands, and Luxembourg, also called Benelux, and where much of the land surface lies near or even below sea level. The government and developers are considering future plans to add more, with about 4,600 square miles in potential land to potentially reclaim. This makes the Netherlands the second-largest exporter of agricultural products in the world (after the U.S.). These persistent pumping activities have caused substantial land subsidence in the areas surrounding these polders. The agriculture, forestry and aquaculture sector is expected to decrease by 3% in 2020 as a direct consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic (Statista). With a population of 16.7 million people, and a total land area of 41,526 sq km, the Netherlands is well known for its highly advanced flood control technology that aims to protect the country from "catastrophic storms that only occur once in 10,000 years. Probably not the sort of thing that you would think about stopping to visit. Three stages in the history of land reclamation in the Netherlands ... Ronald Hutjes, Albert Holtslag, Relative impacts of land use and climate change on summer precipitation in the Netherlands, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10.5194/hess-20-4129-2016, 20, 10, (4129-4142), (2016). The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or land fill.. for agricultural purposes, industrial use or port expansions. Reclamation of land by irrigation was extensively developed by the Soviet Union.By the late 1950s the Soviets reported a total of about 27 million acres (11 million hectares) under irrigation, about one-half of this being in the Central Asian republics. The secondary sector employs 16% of the workforce. Since the 12th century AD land reclamation is carried out in The Netherlands. Then, it’s added to the beach or dumped in the sea very close to the coastline. To keep the port competitive, authorities undertook an ambitious project aimed at tripling the port’s capacity. Source: Freedom in the World 2019, Freedom House. Political freedom in the world (interactive map) However, the unemployment rate increase to 5.5% in 2020, coming from a pre-crisis record low of 3.4%. The aim of the Rotterdam project, known as Maasvlakte 2, is to add 5,000 acres of new land while keeping the port fully functional. Minimal socio -ecological impacts Large-scale High-tech and intensive Severe socio ecological impacts. Land reclamation in the wetlands of the Žuvintas biosphere reserve resulted in a number of negative consequences: Land abandonment Part of drained land appeared to be not suitable for intensive agriculture or forestry and currently is abandoned and overgrown by trees and bushes. Nearly 60% of the production is exported, either directly or through the food industry. PM Mark Rutte of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) leads a right-wing coalition formed of four parties, which despite having a narrow majority saw its popularity increase over the course of the year, also due to the PM’s role as the unofficial leader of the “frugal four”, an alliance among the Netherlands, Austria, Denmark and Sweden to support a prudent and strict fiscal policy in the EU. Bangladeshhas 42 square miles of reclaimed land along its coastlines. Your country was not recognised. Using highly accurate metocean and hydrodynamic modelling studies to quantify and minimiz… The Port of Rotterdam is already Europe’s biggest port, but the Maasvlakte 2 expansion will triple its container capacity in one bold stroke. The support package for Dutch exporters during the COVID-19 crisis can be consulted on the dedicated page on the official portal Business.gov.nl. Please check the spelling. In this sense, the future of Brexit process could also have an impact on the Dutch trade outlook, as the country is considered the most exposed to the conjuncture in Great Britain. The Netherlands has a coastline that is constantly changing with erosion caused by wind and water. Since work started on the construction of Maasvlakte 2 two years ago, 170 million m3 of sand has been brought in. Netherlands: Economic and political outline, Source: Sometimes toxic substances have been detected in the landfill. Santander Trade offers a set-content, database and tools provided and managed by Export Entreprises S.A. Santander provides access to its client companies but is totally unrelated to the contents and services provided which are, fully, the responsibility of Export Entreprises S.A. A large-scale application of land reclamation has occurred at Rotterdam. Any Comment About This Content? By continuing your navigation on our website. Photo Source: Bart Van Damme, Copyright SAF-Coastal Care Coastal Care by Wishfulthemes, The Netherlands has grown in size, Dredging Today, The world’s largest wetlands are on fire. In the northern parts of the Netherlands sea levels fell exposing new land at a rate of 5–10 meters per year between 500 BC and 500 AD. Notable examples of coastal land reclamation include Hong Kong, Singapore, the Netherlands and … The official portal Business.gov.nl provides comprehensive information on the government measures to help businesses to deal with the economic impacts of the COVID-19 epidemic on their activity, as well as a FAQ section for entrepreneurs. Schokland was a peninsula that by the 15th century had become an island. Sand dredging off the Dutch coast. By increasing Rotterdam’s container capacity, the Maasvlakte 2 can prevent the port from becoming a trade bottleneck. Don’t be fooled, though. Occupied and then abandoned as the sea encroached, it had to be evacuated in 1859. Rotterdam Port Expansion, It’s Full Speed Ahead, The Wall Street Journal. The Syr Darya and Amu Darya rivers were the principal sources of irrigation water in this area. The Netherlands is also one of the largest producers and distributors of oil and natural gas. These persistent pumping activities have caused substantial land subsidence in … The most notable historic land reclamation sites in the OSPAR Maritime Area are the polders of the Netherlands. The Netherlands is located in Western Europe in between Germany and Belgium, bordering the North Sea. World Bank, Latest available data. The services sector is focused mainly on transportation, distribution, logistics, banking and insurance, water engineering and new technologies. Following the spread of the COVID-19 epidemic, in Q2 2020 the turnover in the automotive and motorcycle industry was over 25% lower than in the same quarter of the previous year, the largest contraction in more than 25 years; whereas the construction sector lost 1.6% (CBS). Around 17% of the country's current land area has been reclaimed from the … Nevertheless, accommodation and food (-50% in Q2 compared to the previous quarter), transport (-21% in Q2 y-o-y) and the travel industry (-45% of turnover in the first half of 2020 alone) faced the biggest decline in 2020, whereas retail expanded thanks to DIY-stores and online sales (CBS). Just over 1,800 people in the Netherlands died, 72,000 people had to be evacuated, thousands of livestock died, and there was a tremendous amount of property damage. Land reclamation has been increasingly seen as a solution to this. The survey measures freedom according to two broad categories: political rights and civil liberties. The Netherlands’ polders have been used for crops, settlements, and ports. Using the same fleet of dredging ships that built Dubai’s Palm Islands, construction workers steadily acquired new land from the sea floor. Economic freedom in the world (interactive map) During 2020, the political landscape in the Netherlands was characterized by the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic consequences. A grand coalition currently dominates parliamentary powers (Third Rutte cabinet) and it is composed by: The Netherlands are a constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy. Therefore, the latest polls showed increased chances for the re-election of Mark Rutte as PM for the next general election in March 2021. While exports of flowers and plants quickly recovered after a big contraction in March and April, the demand for agricultural products from hotels and restaurants has dropped but has been partly compensated by demand from supermarkets.Industrial activity generates around 17.7% of the Dutch GDP, mainly through food-processing, the petrochemical industry, metallurgy and the transport equipment industry. Further details can be found on the portal InvestinHolland.The information on the EU’s economic response to COVID-19 and the actions to minimise the fallout on the EU member states’ economies of the COVID-19 outbreak is available on the websites of the European Commission and the European Council.For the general overview of the key economic policy responses to the COVID-19 outbreak (fiscal, monetary and macroeconomic) taken by the Dutch government to limit the socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, please consult the section dedicated to the Netherlands in the IMF’s Policy Tracker platform. The country's 370 miles of coastline could support the new project. The world rankings, published annually, measures violations of press freedom worldwide. One example is Yamashita Park in Yokohama City which was constructed using rubble from the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake. Netherlands By: Tyla, Catie and Taylor Rotterdam and Schokland Rotterdam and Schokland Rotterdam : -to add 5,000 acres of new land while keeping the port fully functional. With the sand in place, the next step would involve paving the reclaimed land with some 20,000 massive stone blocks to prevent the reclaimed areas from washing away. See the country risk analysis provided by Coface. Additional public investment and household consumption should drive the economy in 2021 (when GDP is expected to grow by 4% y-o-y) and 2020 (+2% - IMF estimates), though real GDP is expected to remain below its pre-crisis level by the end of the forecast period. The Landsat 5 satellite observed the port’s expansion on July 16, 2006, July 1, 2009, and July 4, 2010. Find more information about your business sector on our service Market Reports. Report It to Us. Services and tourism were heavily affected, whereas towards the end of the year manufacturing and consumption expenditure recorded only a partial rebound. Assessment of the environmental impact of land reclamation 4 Executive Summary Land reclamation is the gain of land from the sea, or coastal wetlands e.g. The GDP per capita is above the EU average and was estimated at USD 59,554 in 2019 (World Bank, latest data available). (vi) Land reclamation has resulted in improved fresh water supply for industrial use, domestic and irrigation. The process involved sucking sand from the bottom of the ocean and spraying that sand onto designated areas to build up their height. Santander, Santander Trade and the Flame logo are registered trademarks. Land reclamation is associated with some dangers, such as flooding and soil liquefaction. In some areas, the water peaked above existing dikes and spilled upon unsuspecting, sleeping towns. 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