Peshitta definition: the principal Syriac version of the Bible | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Peshitta. What does peshito mean? It is only in the 9th cent. Scholarly Reconstructions of the Lord’s Prayer – Reconstructing the Words of Jesus – The Jesus Seminar Such texts have actually been found. Another example of this is the Hebrew word "olam" and the Aramaic cognate "alama" which contextually can mean either "world" or "eternal". Answer: The Peshitta is a collection of Aramaic manuscripts of the Bible. The name 'Peshitta' is derived from the Syriac mappaqtâ pšîṭtâ (ܡܦܩܬܐ ܦܫܝܛܬܐ), literally meaning 'simple version'. The Aramaic Peshitta Tanak is an important, and under-recognized witness to the text of the Tanak. Add your entry in the Collaborative Dictionary. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. However, it is also possible to translate pšîṭtâ as 'common' (that is, for all people), or 'straight', as well as the usual translation as 'simple'. Etymology. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Peshitta, (Bible) the principal Syriac version of the Bible, The Old Testament in Syriac: According to the, In passing, one cannot avoid mentioning the parallels in the Syriac. It is written in the Syriac alphabet, and is transliterated into the Latin scriptin a number of ways: Peshitta, Peshittâ, Pshitta, Pšittâ, Pshitto, Fshitto… The name 'Peshitta' is derived from the Syriac mappaqtâ pšîṭtâ (ܡܦܩܬܐ ܦܫܝܛܬܐ), literally meaning 'simple version'. Syriac is a dialect, or group of dialects, of Eastern Aramaic. The language of the Peshitta is not the language of Jesus, nor is it the language of modern speakers of Syriac. It is also due to the fact that the Peshitta (as far as the Old Testament is concerned) is considered a secondary version. (15) It bears mention that the Targum renders the first half of this verse, which refers to dever, "from before him was sent the angel of death"; the Peshitta reads "mothaf death. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The name ‘Peshitta’ is used both for the translation of the OT, made in the 2nd cent. But he never got the recognition he deserved. It had a golden age between the 5th and 8th centuries and spread all over the Middle East to parts as far as India and China. The Qur'an is likened unto it. This is not the place for extensive explanations on the readings of the Targum, (15) It bears mention that the Targum renders the first half of this verse, which refers to dever, "from before him was sent the angel of death"; the, My use of the Vetus Syra (anterior to the, Language system, translation technique, and textual tradition in the, Starting with an analysis of the Hebrew text of the three chapters (part 1, 21-166) the author also includes in her enquiry the Greek (Septuagint) and Syriac (, Pietersma (1995:185) noem dat die antieke vertalings--soos die Peshita, Vulgaat en die Septuagint--die akrostiese struktuur belangrik genoeg geag het sodat dit in die vertalings op die een of ander manier weergegee is: "There can, therefore, be no doubt that the acrostic structure of Lam[entations] 1-4 received special attention in the, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, The Old Testament in Syriac: According to the Peshitta Version, The Personal Pronoun in Christian Palestinian Aramaic, JEWISH PEOPLE ALWAYS ON THE MOVE: JEWISH TRAVELERS IN THE MIDDLE AGES, Language system, translation technique, and textual tradition in the Peshitta of Kings, HIOBS ANSPRUCH UND WIDERSPRUCH: DIE HERAUSFORDERUNGSREDEN HIOBS (HI 29-31) IM KONTEXT FRUHJUDISCHER ETHIK, Apocryphal elements in the New Testament and Qur'an, An alphabetic acrostic lament/'n Alfabeties-akrostiese klaaglied. Syriac is a dialect, or group of dialects, of Eastern Aramaic, originating around Edessa. However, it is also possible to translate pšîṭtâ as 'common' (that is, for all people), or 'straight', as well as the usual translation as 'simple'. that … All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. (C18 Peshito, from Syriac) English Collins Dictionary - English Definition & Thesaurus. The Peshitta is the official Bible of the Church of the East.The name Peshitta in Aramaic means "Straight", in other words, the original and pure New Testament. It is written in the Syriac alphabet, and is transliterated into the Roman alphabetin a number of ways: Peshitta, Peshittâ, Pshitta, Pšittâ, Pshitto, Fshitto. Of the vernacular versions of the Bible, the Old Testament Peshitta is second only to the Greek Septuagint in antiquity, dating from probably the 1st and 2nd centuries ce. noun. Peshitta definition, the principal Syriac version of the Bible. Meaning of peshito. Syriac is a dialect, or group of dialects, of Eastern Aramaic, originating in and around Assuristan (Persian ruled Assyria). Syriac is a dialect, or group of dialects, of Eastern Aramaic. Peshittâ synonyms, Peshittâ pronunciation, Peshittâ translation, English dictionary definition of Peshittâ. Omissions? Aramaic Peshitta New Testament Translation-Janet M. Magiera 2006 Aramaic Peshitta New Testament Translation is a new translation of the New Testament into English that is based on the Gwilliam text. If the Peshitta is the result of a revision as the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) was, then we may expect to find Old Syriac texts answering to the Old Latin. The exact origin of the Peshitta Tanak is unknown. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Peshitta - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. The Jewish Origin of the Peshitta Tanak By James Scott Trimm . Definition of peshito in the Definitions.net dictionary. However, when it is used in the Peshitta it is used contextually and these together give us a broad meaning of the meaning of the word. The terms (liberator, deliverer) and (deliverance) are indeed sometimes used of this salvation, but less frequently.-Yet there is one family of Syriac technicals, which have been rendered by the English technicals for the same ideas, to the neglect of their primary meaning. See more. The New Testament of the Peshitta was translated from the Greek. Peshitta. The ancient Syriac version of the Bible, used in Syriac-speaking Christian countries from the early 5th century and still the official Bible of the Syrian Christian Churches. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The Syriac Peshitta Lord’s Prayer – An Introduction to the Peshitta – The Peshitta Lord’s Prayer; Other Syriac Lord’s Prayer Traditions – The Other Syriac Traditions and Their Relation to Each Other – Old Syriac, Harklean, etc. The “Syriac” version of the Tanak, is mentioned … Aramaic was the most common “shared language” among people of the Near East and Middle East for many centuries. Peshitta, (Syriac: “simple” or “common”) Syriac version of the Bible, the accepted Bible of Syrian Christian churches from the end of the 3rd century ce. The earliest parts in Old Syriac are thought to have been translated from Hebrew or Aramaic texts by Jewish Christians at Edessa, although the Old Testament Peshitta was later revised according to Greek textual principles. From Classical Syriac ܦܫܝܛܬܐ ‎ (pəšīṭtā), shortened from ܡܦܩܬܐ ܦܫܝܛܬܐ ‎ (mappaqtā pəšīṭtā, “simple version”). Peshitta is a “ collection of Aramaic manuscripts of the Bible. All Free. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Peshitta. The earliest extant versions of the New Testament Peshitta date to the 5th century ce and exclude the Second Letter of Peter, the Second and Third Letters of John, the Letter of Jude, and the Revelation to John, which were not canonical in the Syrian church. Classical Syriac, the dialect the Peshitta is written in, is the most prolific classical Aramaic dialect. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). (In the Peshitta, יחידיא אלהא/“Ikhidya Alaha” meaning “The only begotten Son” can account for the variant Greek readings.μονογενης θεος /monogenais Theos (“the only begotten Elohim”) and μονογενησ υιος /monogenais uios (“the only begotten Son”); the Aramaic text can mean “only begotten Elohim” or “only begotten Son of Elohim.” However, it is also possible to translate pšîṭtâ as "common" (that is, for all people), or "straight", as well as the usual translation as "simple". In light of its history, what can the actual language of the Peshitta tell us about its character? Through your wonderful website, I hope people will learn that NT was originally written in Aramaic and Aramaic was the language of Jesus and first century Israel. The Peshitta has little direct influence on modern English versions of the Old Testament. The name “Peshitta” was first employed by Moses bar Kepha in the 9th century to suggest (as does the name of the Latin Vulgate) that the text was in common use. 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