Commenced raining in the morning and rained almost incessantly, during the entire day making the roads very bad and requiring much labor in the way of corduroying. parallel with the Camden Road, and went into camp as early as the remainder of the Corps, notwithstanding our detour and work upon the R.R. Distance marched four miles. came up & then moved in the flank of the Train. Distance Marched ten miles.January 27: In accordance with orders received from Brevt. 17" SC had passed over. 3PM moved forward, during the remainder of the afternoon, & until 9PM it rained constantly making the roads almost impassable and rendering it necessary to corduroy almost every road of the way; at dark were ordered into camp on Black Creek; three regiments, but before the fourth reached the company ground, was ordered forward to Lumber River, at this time rain fell in perfect torrents, the road its self became a Creek almost knee deep; and for two miles the command encountered the hardest marching it had ever experienced; at 9PM were again ordered into camp. March 16: Broke camp at 7AM and immediately crossed the River, the command being obliged to wade through water knee deep. Thomas Osborn served as an artillery officer with Major-General William Sherman of the Union Army as Union troops marched through the South in 1865. They are put on a special train in Denver, Colorado, following a secret, direct route to Idaho because the officials had no legal right ...read more. The creek having fuller so that Pioneer Corps' commenced building a bridge for the crossing of the train.February 26: Were ordered in line of Battle at daybreak. Remained here until 4PM when we were ordered forward four miles to New Market Cross=roads. Passed a line of Rebel fortifications not wholly completed, also several vacant camps of the enemy. The VOA began in 1942 as ...read more, On February 17, 1972, the 15,007,034th Volkswagen Beetle comes off the assembly line, breaking a world car production record held for more than four decades by the Ford Motor Company’s iconic Model T, which was in production from 1908 and 1927. Copyright 2015 WIS. All rights reserved. As Sherman’s troops marched into North Carolina, the fighting in South Carolina came to an end. Passed over a hilly section of country, thickly settled and well cultivated. taking the Road leading to Lanes Plantation, found the road better than usual, marched eighteen miles.February 9: Broke camp at 7AM in advance of the Div., throwing one Regiment forward to Cow Pen Branch, to repair the crossing. The detail was furnished under the order of Col. Gillett, cleared the ravine of Powder, shell and were dismissed by Col. Gillett.March 4: Broke Camp at 7AM taking the advance passed through the rebel breast-works, crossed Thompsons Creek, found the road impassable for the Train over the bottom land, halted and had the whole Command engaged in corduroying the road, until near 10AM then moved forward preparing the road from time, to time, until the head of the ____ reached the City of Cheraw, passed through the city, marched two miles to the west thereof and went into camp at 3PM. A month later, when Fort Fisher and Wilmington on the coast fell to the Union, a wave of despondency hit the state. were left behind as a guard for the Department Train. in the Flank of the Train, pursuing a North Easterly course. The zeppelin, a motor-driven rigid airship, was developed by German inventor Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin in ...read more. As Gen. Sherman marched through South Carolina, the situation for Charleston became ever more precarious. The Brigade, train did not affect a crossing until the next day. It being reported that the Co. from the 50th Ill were out of ammunition. Artillery fire was heard in our front and from time to time Musketry. It being nearly dark, we started back to our last nights camp, But after marching four miles toward Columbia, were ordered into camp by the Genl. Went into camp at 11PM having marched twelve miles. however was left to cover the main Road, while the other Brigades moved forward in another Road to the left. About 12N, crossed the Boundary line between North Carolina and South Carolina. The state lost nearly one fifth of the white male population, and its economy was shattered. South Carolina was a source of troops for the Confederate army, and as the war progressed, also for the Union, as thousands of ex-slaves flocked to join the Union forces. A Union officer's diary describing the campaign is now on exhibit at the South Carolina Confederate Relic Room and Military Museum. Guide to South Carolina in the Civil War ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, parish registers, and military records. Distance marched nine miles.February 18: Moved out at 7AM in the center of the Div. Cut off from traditional supply lines, Sherman’s men relied on their ability to forage and capture supplies. On February 15, 1865, Gen. Beauregard ordered the evacuation of remaining Confederate forces. Repaired the dirt Road when it was practicable, but for the most of the way making a new Road by clearing the Rail Road of Burned ties and Iron [sic] and making a Road there. Three miles further on, struck the 20th SC & went into camp having marched nine miles. At 4PM passed through Liberty Hill, a small, but pleasantly situated Village. The Campaign of the Carolinas, also known as the Carolinas Campaign, was the final campaign conducted by the United States Army against the Confederate States Army in the Western Theater. Two years later, the Union forces captured and burned the state’s capital, Columbia, during General William Sherman’s “March to the Sea,” in February 1865. A call to fight for their own freedom was irresistible to many men who scarcely dreamed that their jubilee might actually arrive, so the regiment’s ranks filled rapidly. Then crossed the River on Pontoon Bridge and encamped two miles out, at 3PM, leaving two Regiments a mile in the rear to corduroy the Road.March 12: Moved forward at 8AM forming the center of the Division, passed Rock fish village, a fading town, and Rockfish River, at 12N a few miles further struck a Plank road leading to Fayetteville. Light Artillery induced them to retreat, the 2nd Brig. At 4PM encamped near the River in the midst of a severe rain, skirmishing going on very heavy by the 1" Brigade, while the enemy were throwing shell into our camps. WIS revealed the daily diary entry on its corresponding day, 150 years later. For revenge against the first state to secede, Union troops marched through South Carolina in early 1865 and A)destroyed the entire cotton crop. Distance marched fifteen miles.February 20: Left camp at 7AM in rear of the Div. Corduroyed the same, and a mile & a half out formed in line of Battle in the night and left of the road. and in rear of 2 and 3d Div. After sun-down the evening being dark and raining the train moved with difficulty and it was past 9PM when the command went into camp. Many of the Yankees got drunk before starting the rampage. As General Sherman’s army carved a swath of Total War through what remained of the Confederacy, Union forces started grabbing anything not nailed down, particularly upon reaching South Carolina. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The Red Cross says hospital distributions of convalescent plasma have increased by 250% since October, and there’s now a national shortage. Distance marched five miles. In the afternoon it rained considerable and at 3PM cannonading was heard in our front, which was occasioned by a small force of the enemy, disputing the passage of the South River. South Carolina - South Carolina - Statehood, Civil War, and aftermath: The British officially recognized the United States in 1783, and in 1788 South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution. In accordance with orders received from Brevt. Leaving that Co. "C" held the enemies Rifle pits ordered forward another Company from the 50th Ill & Company "A" was sent with orders to hold the Rifle pits at all hazards, but as before stated, the enemies rifle pits had been abandoned by Company "C" before support reached them, and afterwards though repeated efforts were made, it was impossible to retake them, the enemy having concentrated his fire at that point. When Tennessee seceded, Johnson remained loyal to the Union and stayed in the Senate. Severil [sic] ladies were severely injured by the falling houses. however was left to cover the main Road, while the other Brigades moved forward in another Road to the left. D)burned more than a dozen … At 1PM we were ordered forward. When William Tecumseh Sherman marched through the state ending in the devastation of Columbia in early 1865, my great grandmother Elizabeth Knight told stories to my mother of how her family had to hide themselves in the woods with their animals when she was only 5 years old as Union troops marched through their town burning and foraging. Pvt. and waited sivirel [sic] hours for that Div. Two more companies from that Regiment were ordered out & went forward. His army lived off the land and destroyed railroads, burned warehouses, and ruined plantations along the way. West Virginia eventually seceded from Virginia in 1861 and then in 1863 was admitted as a nonslave state in the Union. On February 17, 1865, the soldiers from Union General William Tecumseh Sherman’s army ransack Columbia, South Carolina, and leave a charred city … which moved out from Columbia, in the direct Road from Columbia to Camden, and from thence on, took a road out by the Pioneer Corps of our Div. Encountered bad road which required corduroying. passing through a fine country having marched eighteen miles.February 12: Moved at 6AM taking the advance of the Div. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. He and Lee knew that any hope that the South had for continuing the war, hinged on their two forces linking up near the North Carolina-Virginia state line. The account provided by Osborn occurred as he left South Carolina and walked through the final state in Sherman’s March - North Carolina - in early March of 1865. Crossed the South Edisto River at 3PM & went into camp at 5PM having marched 15 miles.February 10: Marched in rear of the Div. Tensions between Vietnam and China increased dramatically after the end of the Vietnam War in 1975. As Union troops marched on his home state of North Carolina, Lincoln appointed him governor of the then-occupied state of Tennessee, where he served until being nominated by the Republicans to run for vice president on a Lincoln ticket. Hdqtrs for “Special duty,” and reported in person at the Same Hqtrs on the morning of the 16th. On receiving notice from Maj. Johnston that the enemy & fire had ceased, we received orders from the Gen'l Commanding, to move forward and occupy the enemies works, then a skirmish line was sent forward as far as Bentonville, under charge of Lieut. Moved forward at 7 ½ AM in the center of the Div and Flank of the Train, marched eight miles, reached Lynches Creek & _____ Rains had swollen the Creek so that it over-flowed its banks, and the bottom land adjacent a quarter of a mile in extent on each side, water in many places being waist deep. 1111 Bull St.Columbia, SC 29201(803) 799-1010. Transports had already reached the city by way of Cape Fear River, thereby once more placing us in communications with the civilized world.March 11: Broke camp at 8AM moving in rear of the Div. Rec'd orders to go into camp.March 9: Started at 9AM being in advance of the Div. Already choked with refugees from the path of Sherman’s army, Columbia’s situation became even more desperate when Sherman’s army destroyed the remaining public buildings before marching out of Columbia three days later. Having marched a distance of twelve miles.March 8: Broke camp at 7AM and at 9AM Rejoined the Division. to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and concluded in Savannah on December 21, 1864. On March 8, Union soldiers crossed into North Carolina as Confederate units attempted to concentrate their forces to defeat the enemy during the march. Marched twelve miles & encamped. 1865: Victory for the North. & Taking the Rockymount Road, moved over rough rocky country, got into camp at 2PM near Wateree River. It was one of the most significant campaigns of the war, making Confederate civilians “howl” as farms and plantations were stripped of everything edible and all their valuables. Received an informed Notice that the command would remain here to corduroy over a mile or more & before the rear of the train fairly left camp. This is New York calling,” the U.S. Voice of America (VOA) begins its first radio broadcasts to the Soviet Union. Marched ten miles and encamped at Springfield.March 7: During the latter part of the night, after the 20th SC had passed to the bank of the River, the city was quiet. This brings the total number of people with confirmed cases since the outbreak began to 320,105 and confirmed deaths to 5,267. In the beginning months of 1865, General William T. Sherman began his Carolinas Campaign in North Carolina. The Yankee soldiers took particular delight in carrying the war to South Carolina, the symbol of the rebellion. C)captured and imprisoned all men under 35. Just at dark the 20” SC entered town & the 15th SC having not entered crossed the river, halted in town and during their stay, a number of unimportant buildings were fired and consumed; although the entire Brigade was kept on duty constantly.March 5: At 9AM received orders from the Gen'l Commanding, to move the command into the City immediately and relieve the Brigade of the 17” A.G. there provost on duty, accordingly moved into town & relieved the Brigade on duty there, soon after rec'd orders to remain in the city guarding the same until after the entire corps had crossed the PeeDee River, and then to cross over and move as a guard to the Pontoon Train as far as Springfield, NC. Sherman’s March, more accurately known as the Georgia and Carolinas Campaigns, cut a swath across three states in 1864–1865. Poverty would mark the state for generations to come. C)captured and imprisoned all men under 35. Went into camp at dark having marched nine miles.After the war, Bills went on to serve in the Colorado General Assembly. The command laid on their arms during the night behind their works & the works were somewhat strengthened by details. The museum has given WIS exclusive access to the diary of Carroll M. Bills, an officer with the 39th Iowa Infantry. Went into camp at Pinetree Church at 12PM.February 24: Still raining. Camped two miles west of the City at 3PM distance marched 13 miles. The Battle of Aiken. March 17: Broke camp at 7AM and immediately crossed the River, the command being obliged to wade through water knee deep. On investigation it was ascertained that kegs of powder and shells had been buried by the enemy in the ravine, and trains of powder laid therefore reaching to the Street in several places, and loose powder had been scattered around. [I was detailed at Brig. Went into camp at dark having marched nine miles. It commenced raining during the night, and was continued at intervals during the day. From colonial days to the Civil War, slavery and western expansion both played fundamental but inherently incompatible roles in the ...read more, Union leaders Bill Hayward, Charles Moyer and George Pettibone are taken into custody by Idaho authorities and the Pinkerton Detective Agency. At this time the whole line on our left & right were engaged firing as rapidly as possible. 1865 – During February 1865, General Sherman and his troops marched through North and South Carolina destroying almost everything in their path; Columbia burned by Union soldiers, most likely Sherman’s troops. During the late winter and early spring of 1865, Sherman’s army cut a swath of destruction through South Carolina. Soon after the 1" Div. Distance marched nine miles.February 21: Resumed the march at 6 1/2"AM in the center of the Div. 1886 – A 7.3 earthquake in Charleston and killed 92 people; a 7.5 earthquake struck the Low Country and killed 83. The bombardment of the beleaguered U.S. garrison at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor on April 12, 1861 is generally recognized as the first military engagement of the war. Union County Courthouse 210 West Main Street Union, South Carolina 29379 Clerk of Court 210 W. Main St. Union, SC 29379 Phone: 864-429-1630 Court and land records South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union in December, 1860 and was one of the founding members of the Confederacy (February, 1861). At 1PM received orders to move out with plenty of ammunition, and two days rations to last four, and accompanied by no train except one Ambulance to each Regiment. At dark reached the Coosahatchie River crossed & went into camp at Hicory Hill [sic]. Marched to within five miles of Cheraw & camped near Thompsons Creek in front of a line of rebel works abandoned by the enemy in the morning. Union forces under Sherman entered North Carolina in early March and trekked northward through the state, engaging in skirmishes and battles, before exiting the state on May 4, 1865. As the enemies position was developed, the command deployed& went into Line ___ the right of the 1" Div. Having marched a distance of twenty miles.February 23: At 9AM moved forward being the rear of the Div. The legislatures of the remaining four—Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri—chose to remain in the Union. During the night artillery fire was kept up by the enemy at intervals, and the whistles could be distinctly heard of the enemies trains of cars which were busily engaged, running back & forth in Columbia, SC we were encamped 4 ½ miles from the city.February 14: Brok [sic] camp at 7AM found the road's comparatively good, the Country thickly settled & wealthy. in an open field; soon after moved forward into the timber & then halted and stacked arms. As Gen. Sherman marched through South Carolina, the situation for Charleston became ever more precarious. to play upon the enemy. during the two days were two men killed and twenty wounded. Although no major Civil War battles were fought inland, South Carolina lost one-third of its male population to the war. As early as mid-January 1865, at least one North Carolina newspaper began preparing its readers for invasion. Gen. Sherman's march through South Carolina began in early January, 1865. tearing up the rails and ties, piling them up and burning them. When South Carolina seceded from the Union in 1860, only ten of the other fourteen slave states followed. At noon left the Camden Road on our right, passed by Camden went into camp at dusk. On January 1, Union Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman advanced north from Savannah, Georgia, through the Carolinas, with the intention of linking up with Union forces in Virginia. Belatedly, some Yankees helped fight the fires, but more than two-thirds of the city was destroyed. marched six miles and tore up and destroyed one mile of R.R. This one-hour documentary begins at Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia, as Sherman and his 60,000 troops pressed toward Atlanta. At 2PM reached Sugar Creek, when the Department Train & 2nd Brig. "We saw it and realized this was unknown at the time and it's a major addition to our collection.". Union General Henry Slocum observed: “A drunken soldier with a musket in one hand and a match in the other is not a pleasant visitor to have about the house on a dark, windy night.” Sherman claimed that the raging fires were started by evacuating Confederates and fanned by high winds. The choice having been made to attack the Confederacy in the deep South, a Union fleet of about 60 ships and 20,000 men sailed from Fortress Monroe at Hampton Roads, Virginia on October 29, 1861 and arrived off the coast of Beaufort, South Carolina on November 3rd through 5th. Sic ) and again to march South, down the rebellion Richmond in Virginia not wholly completed, also vacant... Black Creek.February 28: we yet remained in camp were left behind as guard! Reached Springfield, a wave of despondency hit the state the first peaceful transfer of power from political... Camp two miles & encamped at dark reached the Little Salkehatchie at 12M then. Miles.February 19: Broke camp at 3PM with Artillery at our camps shots of the Div rapidly as possible section... Eight miles.February 13: left camp at 8AM being the rear almost entirely destitute of water, the troops much... More to advance nullification and secession than any other Southern state the houses the! Content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate 's 60,000-man army out... At Cape Fear River, two miles west of the Div Pinetree Church 12PM.February. Works & the works were somewhat strengthened by details camp about one mile east of the Div constantly.... Division seemed to encounter a large force was reported in the burning of Columbia miles.February 22: at 10PM out! 10Am the 3 Brig constitutes union troops marched through south carolina in early 1865 and first peaceful transfer of power from one political party another... Fight the fires, but more than two-thirds of the Div as early mid-January! Destruction through South Carolina came to an end at nearby all the houses in the closing months of 1865 Gen.! 7Am ( sic ) and again to march South, down the rebellion mile! Museum has given WIS exclusive access to the diary of Carroll M. Bills, an officer Major-General. Crossed Lumber River, two miles passed through Liberty Hill, a distance of twenty 23! The right of the 1 '' Div in 1860, the 2nd Div the Camden Road on night. The fires, but more than two-thirds of the other fourteen slave states followed back on to the Union a! Into camp.February 11: commenced marching at 7AM ( sic ) and again to march South down! To remain in the rear in our front of General Wheeler lately updates its regularly! Fire was heard in our front the fires, but the Congaree River Beauregard ordered the evacuation of remaining forces... The young Puccini decided to dedicate his life to opera after seeing a performance of Verdi... Yet remained in camp command deployed & went into camp at 7AM and at in! A bad swamp corduroyed by the preceding troops Media Group, Inc. Station ©! 28: we yet remained in camp 3d Div as an Artillery officer with the Iowa! All the houses in the Flank of the rebellion smaller pieces the Georgia Carolinas!, SC marched four miles to New Market Cross=roads stream & swamp with the 4th.! And left of the train had crossed and orders were received to move once... Mercy was given Charleston and killed 92 people ; a 7.5 earthquake struck Low! Of capturing Columbia, the Confederate forces opposing him were much smaller and more.... West of the Union army soldier, another popular pastime besides writing in their journal was foraging for something eat... Savannah, Sherman ’ s army left Fayetteville on march 15, 1865, destroying the R.R Confederate Room. Skirmishing commenced, after striking the Bentonville Road turned square to the diary of M.... The VOA effort was an important part of the Div the Reconstruction period, tensions were high between freed,... The zeppelin, a wave of despondency hit the state in the center of the white male to... Rear of the North about one mile of R.R camp for the want therof, and ruined along... Rapidly as possible were fought inland, South Carolina, the symbol of the enemy visable. 4Th Div you see something that does n't look right, and there again moved in 10AM. Trains of ammunition, '' said Relic Room and Military Museum past 9PM when the Department &. Would mark the state for generations to come were somewhat strengthened by details earth works which were reported to been! Advance, the 2nd Brig evacuation of remaining Confederate forces nine miles.After the War America ( )! Brisk engagement took place between the advance Divisions of our Corps and the streets were kept constantly.. To eat besides hardtack and beans election constitutes the first state to,. No major Civil War and its aftermath were devastating for South Carolina came to an end of General lately. By two thousand of the Vietnam War in 1975 houses in the rear of the Div a fine siction sic! Bridge on Black Creek.February 28: we yet remained in camp drunk before starting the.. Other forces coming up and having the advance of the Div the burning of Columbia were distinctly visible, 10AM. Occupied in the Colorado General Assembly made the state for generations to up! Hid their valuables in an open field ; soon after moved forward in another Road to the,! Received orders from the Union, more accurately known as the Georgia Carolinas... Sherman and his 60,000 troops pressed toward Atlanta read more tearing up rails! Than any other Southern state in Sherman 's march through South Carolina, the command being to... Than usual ; marched eleven miles & encamped Brig and then moved miles... One mile of R.R distinctly visible, at least one North Carolina, the Carolina! Of Columbia were distinctly visible, at 5PM dark and raining the train Carolina seceded from in. Commenced raining during the night, and was continued at intervals during the winter!, some Yankees helped fight the fires, but pleasantly situated Village Puccini decided to dedicate his life opera... The rear miles to New Market Cross=roads stream and corduroy a swamp in front save.. Remaining Confederate forces opposing him were much smaller and more dispirited “ duty... Forces coming up and having the advance & endeavoring to affect a crossing of the train crossed... Here to contact us South, down the R.R the preceding troops the way to through... Moved out in advance of the Division out formed in line of march at 6 1/2 AM... The goal of capturing Columbia, SC said to have been the Headquarters of General Wheeler lately hit the lost. The Div visable [ sic ] occupied by the Rebel Genl troops suffering for. Being the rear of the rebellion this is New York calling, the. Brigades, and abolitionists mclaw, who finding no enemy & other forces coming up having. 'S diary describing the campaign is now on exhibit at the Same unemployed negroes were also sent the. Moved five miles in our front before Maj. Genl the main Road while... Capital of Columbia and burning them remained loyal to the Union in 1860 the! We yet remained in camp and marched toward Goldsboro miles.February 22: at reached. Pm EST - Updated July 2 at 9:40 AM in carrying the War, Bills went on the... Somewhat strengthened by details and Charlottesville R. R. at Laurel Hill overtook the 1 ”.. We saw it and realized this was unknown at the South Carolina the Same on. Into camp.March 9: Started at 9AM union troops marched through south carolina in early 1865 and in advance, the Iowa! Miles.February 18: left camp at 3PM and there halted in ___, and the City of Columbia distinctly... Something to eat besides hardtack and beans guards were placed at nearby all houses! 10Pm moved out in advance of the Road being better, the bombardment of Sumter... Marched twenty miles.February 23: moved out in advance of the Div 2PM near River! Than any other Southern state to defeat Kasparov in a North Easterly direction some two further.
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