Lamia est tiré du même mot grec désignant une créature monstrueuse (Lamia, ogresse croque-mitaine dans la mythologie grecque), provenant de laimos, « gorge, gosier ». Mint family Leemon balm (Melissa officinalis) Scientific classification; Kinrick: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots (unranked): Asterids: Order: Lamiales: Faimily: Lamiaceae Martynov: Genera; See text The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (the mint or deadnettle faimily) are a faimily o flouerin plants. [ The Lamiaceae ([lamɪ.aˈkɛ.ɛ]) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Ce terme provient du latin labia, « lèvre », en référence à la corolle caractéristique[6]. L'observation du fond du calice permet de repérer ces quatre loges qui comportent chacune un ovule. Mint Family (Lamiaceae) How to Grow Coleus in Your Garden. – acinos P: Genus Agastache Clayton ex Gronov. Ce sont 11 genres d'arbustes des régions tropicales d'Afrique de l'Est, de Madagascar, des Mascareignes, d'Australie et des Îles du Pacifique. The mint family, formerly known as labiateae, harbors an amazing number of plants that grow in our gardens, including many aromatic herbs (mint, sage, oregano), groundcovers (lamium), and upright perennials (skullcaps, dragonheads). … Certains genres provenant de la famille des Verbenaceae y sont maintenant incorporés. The Lamiaceae (formally Labiatae) family has about 180 genera and some 3,500 species, about 50 of which are present here in North America. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-plants-in-the-family-Lamiaceae-2035853. ( The Lamiaceae or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants with a cosmopolitan distribution containing about 236 genera and has been stated to contain 6900–7200 species. The mint family (Lamiaceae), with approximately 236 genera and 7200 species, is the sixth largest family of flowering plants, and has major economic and cultural importance worldwide. _ Lamiaceae (Mint Family) Lamiaceae has given us many herbs used in cooking and perfumery; Rosemary, French Lavender, Thyme, Majoram, Sage, and the garden mints are just a few. The main centre of diversity is the Mediterranean region to central Asia. The Lamiaceae contain aromatic carbohydrates in the form of phenols, which have an antiseptic as well as an aromatic action. ↓ « [urtica] quae innoxia est, morsu carens, lamium vocatur ». It had traditionally been considered closely related to Verbenaceae (Harley et al., 2004), but in the 1990s, phylogenetic studies showed that many genera classified in Verbenaceae belong instead in Lamiaceae (Cantino et al., 1992; Wagstaff et al., 1998). Plants of the World Online lists 237 accepted genera in this family commonly known as the mint or deadnettle family. Its members are often aromatic and are characterized by hollow stems, taproots, and flat-topped flower clusters known as umbels. See List Herbs by Botanical Name If you come across a plant with a squarish stem and opposite leaves you most likely have a member of the wide ranging mint family. − We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. | Gray – thorn-mint P: Genus Acinos Mill. Of these 7,852 are accepted species names. ] LAMIACEAE (formerly LABIATAE) - The Mint Family. – giant hyssop P: Genus Aju The enlarged Lamiaceae contain about 236 genera and have been stated to contain 6,900 to 7,200 species, but the World Checklist lists 7,534. A shared characteristic among many lamiaceae is aromatic foliage. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs, such as basil, mint, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, lavender, and perilla. INTRODUCTION. A member of the Lamiaceae family, mint (Mentha) is a perennial herb and ground cover that is hardy from zones 3 to 11 on the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, depending on the species. Les Lamiacées sont nommées d'après le genre type Lamium provenant du latin lamia. That is why many are used in herbal teas (mint, lemon balm), jams (mint), cooking (sage, … The Lamiaceae or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants with a cosmopolitan distribution containing about 236 genera and has been stated to contain 6900–7200 species. Elles ont notamment particulièrement évolué pour optimiser les mécanismes de fécondation croisée, aidée le plus souvent par des insectes, mais parfois également par les colibris. Other constituents are: Phosphorus, Vanadium, Magnesium, Calcium, Potassium, Lithium, and Molybdenum. The largest genera are Salvia (900), Scutellaria (360), Stachys (300), Plectranthus (300), Hyptis (280), Teucrium (250), Vitex (250), Thymus (220), and Nepeta (200). Selon Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (6 Jul 2010)[15] : Selon Kew Garden World Checklist (13 février 2012)[17] : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. This Family’s Genera in New England: Agastache; Ajuga; Ballota; Blephilia; Clinopodium; Collinsonia; Dracocephalum; Elsholtzia; Galeopsis; Glechoma; Hedeoma; Hyssopus; Lamium; Lavandula; Leonurus; Lycopus; Marrubium; Melissa; Mentha; Monarda; Nepeta; Ocimum; Origanum; Perilla; Physostegia; Prunella; Pycnanthemum; Salvia; Satureja; Scutellaria; Sideritis; Stachys; Teucrium; Thymus; Trichostema Many plants in the mint family are grown for their culinary and medicinal properties because of the oils produced when the leaves and flowers are crushed or distilled. The Lamiaceae Herb Family One of the largest families that is commonly called the mint or dead-nettle family. On y rencontre beaucoup d'espèces cultivées comme plantes condimentaires (sauge, thym, basilic, menthe etc.). Prunella vulgaris (Self-heal) For the first time in this series of posts Dr M has had to use someone elses botanical image as he had nothing in his own collection! Plants in the family are characterized by square stems, paired and simple leaves, and two-lipped open-mouthed tubular flowers. La famille des Lamiacées (ou Labiées) Dans la flore française, on compte environ 30 genres et 200 espèces, surtout répandus en région méditerranéenne. Lamiaceae Plants of the Mint Family(also known as Labiatae) If you pick a plant with a distinctly square stalk and simple, opposite leaves, then it is very likely a member of the Mint family. ( Lamiaceae or Labiatae, also called as the mint family, is a family of flowering plants. ) C Cette famille regroupe la plupart des plantes aromatiques et condimentaires de la région méditerranéenne. Some species are shrubs, trees (such as teak ), or, rarely, vines. The following is a list of some of the major Omissions? Characteristics of this Plant Family: Leaves, Stem & Roots ~ The stems of this family are very often square. Mint, (genus Mentha), genus of 25 species of fragrant herbs of the mint family (Lamiaceae). Updates? With the aid of the Terpenes, which the plants contain, they protect themselves against insects, fungi, and bacteria. 4 Native to Eurasia, North America, southern Africa, and Australia, mints are widely distributed throughout the temperate areas of the world and have naturalized in many places. Family Lamiaceae . While the Lamiaceae has been recognized as a family for centuries, the family was only recently defined in its current broad sense (Cantino & Sanders 1986; Cantino 1992; Wagstaff et al. P Worldwide the Lamiaceae, a member of the seed-forming, dicotyledonous plants, comprises over 240 genera and 6500 species, following the family circumscription of Cantino et al. ) On y trouve aussi des plantes ornementales (sauge par exemple) tant en extérieur qu'en intérieur (coleus). {\displaystyle \downarrow S_{(5)}\;[P_{(5)}\;E_{4-2}]\;C_{\underline {(|2)}}}. The Plant List includes a further 1 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Acanthomintha.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Melissa Petruzzello is Assistant Editor of Plant and Environmental Science and covers a range of content from plants, algae, and fungi, to renewable energy and environmental engineering. Les Lamiaceae ou Labiatae, communément appelées Lamiacées, Labiacées ou Labiées, sont une importante famille de plantes dicotylédones qui comprend environ 6 000 espèces et près de 210 genres. Elle est une importante source d'huiles essentielles, d'infusion et antibiotiques naturels pour l'aromathérapie, la parfumerie même si les parfums de synthèse tendent à remplacer ces essences. 5 The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. SEARCH. These are primarily included because names of species rank … Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs. L'industrie des cosmétiques utilise également les Lamiacées pour leurs propriétés hydratantes et souvent antiseptiques. Mint, which prefers sun to partial shade and regular watering, may become invasive and spreads via runners. The Plant List includes 4 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Acanthomintha.Of these 4 are accepted species names. NRCS State Plants Lists : Crop Nutrient Tool: Ecological Site Information System: PLANTS Identification Keys : Plant Materials Web Site ... Family Lamiaceae – Mint family : Contains 76 Genera and 765 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Acanthomintha (A. She has her M.S.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. La famille des Dicrastylidiaceae (encore appelée Chloanthaceae) y est incorporée par la classification phylogénétique. The 30 commonest vascular plant species in Britain – Lamiaceae. Statistics. ) La plupart des Lamiaceae sont comestibles ou médicinales, à l'exception des Scutellaires et des Germandrées (notamment la Germandrée petit-chêne) à la toxicité marquée[13]. Une étude sur 50 espèces appartenant à 27 genres de cette famille a montré que 94 % de ces espèces possèdent une activité significative de type antidépresseur accompagnée d'un effet sédatif[14]. As seen in the photo above, the upper lip is often much … The Lamiaceae Herb Family One of the largest families that is commonly called the mint or dead-nettle family. Insectes et pollinisateurs semblent faits l’un pour l’autre. It includes the most widely used culinary herbs, such as, Origanum (Oregano), Hyssopus (Hyssop), Lavandula (Lavender), Mentha (Mint) and Thymus (Thyme). De nombreuses espèces de cette famille sont des plantes mellifères, fréquentées par les abeilles, et produisent des iridoïdes ainsi que des glycosides phénoliques. This family includes many well-known and loved genera many people use every day. Caroline Foley, Jill Nice, Marcus A. Webb. Westringia blakeana. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include widely used culinary herbs, such as basil, mint, rosemary, sage, savory, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, lavender, and perilla. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. ( Un des premiers auteurs à mentionner cette origine est Pline l'Ancien[1] qui évoque ce Lamium comme une « ortie morte », c'est-à dire une fausse ortie car elle a perdu son pouvoir urticant[2]. Corrections? 5 LAMIACEAE (mint family) The Lamiaceae are anything but lame. Comprising 434 genera and about 3,700 species, the carrot family (Apiaceae) is a significant group of flowering plants. The Plant List includes 22,486 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Lamiaceae. This is a large plant family of mostly shrubs and herbs, distributed all over the world. The present review summarizes the general aspects, traditional uses, pharmacology, and in vitro and in vivo studies of Betonica officinalis, Glechoma hederacea, Hyptis pectinata, Lavandula genus, Leonurus cardiaca, Lamium genus, Melissa officinalis, Mentha genus, Marrubium vulgare, Origanum genus, Ocimum genus, Rosmarinus officinalis, Salvia genus, Satureja hortensis, Stachys lavandulifolia, Scutella… Dans l’arbre phylogénétique, le… Pour la plupart des genres, 10 critères caractérisent cette famille exceptionnellement homogène[8] : Formule florale : 2 Genera. Les Labiatées ou Lamiacées sont considérées comme l’une des familles les plus évoluées au sein des dicotylédones. Species of Lamiaceae contained within The Plant List belong to 250 plant genera. No need to register, buy now! Find the perfect lamiaceae family stock photo. Plant Families - Australian National Botanic Gardens - Education. Members of this family are usually aromatic, but not necessarily minty; some can be outright repulsive in their odor. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. With vibrant, variegated leaves in a range of color combinations and patterns, coleus is ideal for massed plantings, or as specimens in beds and borders. Elles font partie de l’ordre des Lamiales. It includes the most widely used culinary herbs, such as, Origanum (Oregano), Hyssopus (Hyssop), Lavandula (Lavender), Mentha (Mint) and Thymus (Thyme). Members are found in … A number of species, particularly peppermint and spearmint, are… Lamiaceae (/ˌleɪmiˈeɪsiaɪ, -iː/ LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Lamiaceae family The Lamiaceae family includes plants with leaves containing many small glands that secrete essential oils, making these plants highly fragrant. 2 Categories Foliage, The Shade Tags Mint Family (Lamiaceae) Colorful coleus is a tropical foliage plant that is easy to grow and thrives in shady locations. À propos de la ballote : Ballota nigra L, thèse en Sciences pharmaceutiques, 1996, p. 15, Code international de la nomenclature botanique, +liste des genres contenant des synonymes, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lamiaceae&oldid=177490909, Taxobox utilisant la classification de Cronquist, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, une tige à section quadrangulaire, en raison de la présence de faisceau de, Les Lamiacées possèdent souvent des poils, Chez diverses espèces de cette famille, existent fréquemment dans les populations naturelles, à côté d’individus. Le nom scientifique initial (nomen conservandum) de Labiées est donné en 1789 par Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu[4] dans Genera plantarum, ouvrage considéré comme la base de la nomenclature des familles par le Code international de la nomenclature botanique[5]. S La corolle bilabiée (à deux « lèvres ») des Lamiacées peut en effet évoquer, pour un esprit imaginatif, une gueule ouverte[3]. The flowers are 5-MEROUS and ZYGOMORPHIC, and most commonly petals are fused into two lips (BILABIATE), bringing to mind a blue-purple sock puppet in general aspect. The Plant List includes a further 7,437 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family Lamiaceae. The following is a list of some of the major genera and species in the mint family, arranged alphabetically by common name. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Les Lamiacées font partie: → de l’embranchement des Spermaphytes (plantes à fleurs et formation d’une graine) →→ du sous-embranchement des Angiospermes (plantes à ovules cachés dans un ovaire, formation d’un fruit) Lamiaceae plants are found all over the world and many are familiar garden herbs such as lavender, basil, mint, oregano, thyme and rosemary. Anne-Lise Enderlin Segret. shrimp plant, acanthus, and others • Several other smaller related families also display the 2-lipped design, so… • The usual combination of fragrant leaves and the definitive 4-segmented ovary is necessary to distinguish the mints. The largest genera are Salvia (900), Scutellaria (360), Stachys (300), Plectranthus (300), Hyptis (280), Teucrium (250), Vitex (250), Thymus (220), and Nepeta (200). Les Lamiaceae ou Labiatae, communément appelées Lamiacées, Labiacées ou Labiées, sont une importante famille de plantes dicotylédones qui comprend environ 6 000 espèces et près de 210 genres. Characteristics . It includes many well-known herbs (Mint, Sage, Thyme, Basil), ornamental plants (Coleus, Leonotis) and weeds (Henbit, Ground Ivy, Self-Heal). Most of its members are herbaceous plants with SIMPLE, OPPOSITE leaves and SQUARE STEMS. Some species are shrubs, trees (such as teak), or, rarely, vines. Parmi les nombreux genres présents en Europe, on peut citer: Ce sont le plus souvent des plantes herbacées, des arbustes et rarement des arbres ou des lianes, producteurs d'huiles essentielles, largement répandus autour du monde et dans tous types de milieux. Lamiaceae Martinov lay-mee-AY-see-ee OR lay-mee-AY-see-eye The Lamiaceae Family was named and described by Ivan Ivanovič Martinov in Tekhno-Botanicheskīĭ Slovarʹ in 1820. E La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 10 décembre 2020 à 23:43. Some species are shrubs, trees (such as teak), or, rarely, vines. Home > Gardens > Education > Families . (1992). The Lamiaceae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle family. The Lamiaceae family includes numerous known species that are used as traditional medicine. La lèvre supérieure en casque (formée de 2 pétales soudés) protège les organes reproducteurs des intempéries et du soleil ; la lèvre inférieure (formée de 3 pétales soudés) sert de plate-forme à l'insecte qui vient chercher le nectar, le pollinisateur étant souvent orienté par un guide de nectar[7]. Gray) A. The family has a cosmopolitan distribution. Be sure to smell it too, since many species of the family are loaded with aromatic volatile oils. The mint family (Lamiaceae) is known for its aromatic members, especially the mints and balms.
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