An experienced polar traveler, Amundsen prepared carefully for the coming journey, making a preliminary trip to deposit food supplies along the first part of his route to the pole and back. On their way back the crew died due to bad weather and insufficient food supplies. The base he set up there was 60 miles (100 km) closer to the pole than the Antarctic base of the English explorer Robert Falcon Scott, who was heading a rival expedition with the same goal. What’s more, he was the first person to lead an expedition to traverse the Northwest Passage in the Arctic. The intrepid Norwegian was the first person to have visited both North and South Poles, and he was also the first to reach the South Pole in 1911. The intrepid Norwegian was the first person to have visited both North and South Poles, and he was also the first to reach the South Pole in 1911. Quiz - Who was the first person to reach the South Pole? Like many other explorers, Amundsen said he was inspired by Fridtjof Nansen, who led the first team to reach the interior of Greenland. … He was also one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. First of all, we will look for a few extra hints for this entry: First person to reach the South Pole. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). American explorer Richard E. Byrd became the first person to fly over the South Pole, in 1926, and the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was established thirty years later. After the magnetic south was discovered, the competition really got intense. Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer, was one of the greatest figures in the field of polar exploration. Amundsen’s desire to be an Arctic explorer had been with him almost his entire life. 1919 – First transatlantic flight by John Alcock and Arthur Brown. The first men to reach the Geographic South Pole were the Norwegian Roald Amundsen and his party on 14 December 1911. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What were the circumstances that surrounded Roald Amundsen’s death? The Three Poles is an adventurer’s challenge to reach the North Pole, the South Pole, and the summit of Mount Everest. Finding the North Pole is tricky. Before earning this distinction, he had achieved another first—sailing the Northwest Passage (from 1903 to 1906). Finding the North Pole is tricky. Amundsen studied medicine for a while and then took to sea. Amundsen and his crew resumed the journey in August 1906 and were greeted with a heroes’ welcome when the expedition concluded in Nome, Alaska, later that month. Roald Amundsen (July 16, 1872-June 22, 1928) was a Norwegian polar explorer who was the first person to fly over the North Pole in a dirigible (May 11-13, 1926) and was the first person to reach the South Pole. Amundsen’s books included The South Pole (1912) and, with Ellsworth, First Crossing of the Polar Sea (1927). If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. He was a chief disciple of the 19th century Indian Mystic Ramakrishna. Omissions? Roald Amundsen, in full Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen, (born July 16, 1872, Borge, near Oslo, Norway—died June 18, 1928?, Arctic Ocean), Norwegian explorer who was the first to reach the South Pole, the first to make a ship voyage through the Northwest Passage, and one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. In 1928 Amundsen lost his life in flying to rescue Nobile from a dirigible crash near Spitsbergen. In 1909 a bitter controversy involved two American explorers, Frederick A. Cook and Robert E. Peary. Finally, we will solve this crossword puzzle clue and get the correct word. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. During the 19thCentury, many explorers used European methods of exploring. Who was the first person to reach the south pole? Amundsen named his camp Polheim and the entire plateau surrounding the Pole King Haakon VII Vidde in honour of King Haakon VII of Norway. Who was the first person to reach the south pole? However, Peary had a unique approach towards exploration. 2 See answers rinmwango rinmwango Roal Amunsen was the first. They flew from St. John’s, Newfoundland, to Clifden, Connemara, County Galway, Ireland. On Dec. 14, 1911, Roald Amundsen and four fellow Norwegian explorers became the first men to reach the South Pole, beating the ill-fated team of British Capt. Roald Amundsen was the first person to reach the South Pole. He was accompanied by 15 fellow explorers and, if all other claims were indeed fraudulent, the group would then have been the very first to have reached the North Pole, by any which way. Swami Vivekananda born as Narendranath Datta was as an Indian Hindu Monk. Finally, we will solve this crossword puzzle clue and get the correct word. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Answer: Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) was the first person to reach the South Pole and to sail around the world through the Northwest passage. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In 1928 Roald Amundsen lost his life flying to rescue Italian aeronautical engineer Umberto Nobile, whom he had accompanied in a dirigible flight over the North Pole in 1926, from a dirigible crash at sea near Spitsbergen, Norway. His exploration was such a great risk that he ended up having eight of his toes amputated. 1919 – First transatlantic flight by John Alcock and Arthur Brown. Corrections? They flew in a First … In 1926, with Ellsworth and the Italian aeronautical engineer Umberto Nobile, he passed over the North Pole in a dirigible, crossing from Spitsbergen (now Svalbard), north of Norway, to Alaska. Norwegian explorer who in 1911 became the first person to reach the South Pole, one month ahead of 18-Across: 2 wds. He sailed the Fram directly from the Madeira Islands to the Bay of Whales, Antarctica, along the Ross Sea. Robert F. Scott by just over a … He reached the top of Everest in May 1953, summited the South Pole in January 1958, and made it to the North Pole in company with Neil Armstrong in April 1985. Occupation: Explorer Born: July 16, 1872 in Borge, Norway Died: June 18, 1928 during a rescue attempt Best known for: First man to visit the South Pole Biography: Roald Amundsen (1872 - 1928) was an explorer of the North and South Poles. The first person to reach the South Pole was Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, said Ross MacPhee, a curator in the American Museum of Natural History in New York and author of Race To the End: Amundsen, Scott, and the Attainment of the South Pole (Sterling Publishing, 2010). His drive must have come from other sources as well. Peary and his ally Henson had to abort their mission to the North Pole twice in 1895 and 19… Amundsens’s Norwegian expedition arrived safely at their base camp on January 25, 1912. He and four others arrived at the pole on 14 December 1911, five weeks ahead of a British party led by Robert Falcon Scott as … Looking for something else? 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