Apply Trans Tint bright scarlet to the bare wood and let it dry. Woodcraft, woodcraft.com, 800-535-4486, Zinnser Bulls Eye Seal Coat; TransTint Dyes: honey amber, #128481, bright red, #128488, medium brown, #128484, dark Mission brown #128486. I have an oldish oak table (10 bucks at a garage sale! They protect the finish you’ve labored so diligently to create, as well as the wood beneath it. The exact size will depend on the job, as you may need a smaller brush for more intricate work. A protective topcoat adds depth and durability. by Chris Marshall • May 21, 2019. The best finishes for oak celebrate its grain. The ovens in this picture are the Miele H6880BPBRWS Wall Ovens in one of their latest finishes: Brilliant White. An optional two coats of semi-gloss water-based finish add wear protection. Now, let’s start with the easiest finish: Have we got a no-flaw finish for you: boiled linseed oil followed by wipe-on polyurethane. Leave it on a few seconds too long, even under ideal conditions, and it quickly dries. people are responding to when they say, “I love the look of oak.” The best finishes for oak celebrate its grain. I am building a grill cart out of white oak that will most likely live outside under a cover. ■ Number of topcoats: One coat of Pearlessence for color and shimmer. All Rights Reserved. Start with an application of water-soluble ebony dye followed by a dark oil-based stain. The damp wood takes the stain more evenly than dry wood. Unlike a movie star, however, oak is easy to work with—even during finishing. Arguably, the best part of quarter sawn white oak is its surprising figure. When brushing the stain on to the oak, you want to follow the grain of the wood. Speaking from experience. Glaze is nothing more than a thick stain applied over a sealed surface. For a natural finish it is best to use danish oil. Use long, even strokes, working in the direction of the grain. Its results are not as spectacular as those of the other three recipes. Enhance the grain of your hardwood floor with the perfect finish. Top 3 Best Hardwood Floor Finish Reviews 1. A second layer of color, called a glaze, is applied over the sealed dye. If your wood is naturally a darker shade, choose a dark stain to emphasize the natural grain. WalzCraft Sealers and Topcoats are applied on a flat line finishing system which distributes a perfectly even amount of material throughout each product. That is a can of worms, but today I’ll give you a few ideas you can test for yourself. A good finish should highlight the best characteristics of the wood it goes on. Deciding on the right finish. ■  Stir the coating well before and during application for a consistent sheen. ■  Stain: General Finishes Early American water-based stain in semi-gel form. If you rush the first coat of poly before the boiled linseed oil dries, the added mineral spirits will reactivate the oil and cloud the finish. Next, a barrier coat of dewaxed shellac seals in the dye. Tip: Cut the bristles of a disposable brush in half. Step 1 Sand the treads with 100-grit sandpaper. How can you eliminate brush marks when finishing? You can control the color strength on the latewood by either wiping the wood clean or leaving a little glaze behind. I don’t want it to look any darker but want it protected. The result is a … 6. Finally, accurately measure and record every step, including dye concentrations, mixture ratios, when to scuff-sand, number of topcoats, etc. The table is divided into 15 separate squares and each square is painted differently. Glaze with Varathane dark walnut gel stain. Your only choices seem to be either wait for warm weather to use solvent-based finishes outside or spread finish fumes throughout your house. The fact that oak is more readily available and cheaper than rift oak makes it a popular choice. It’s the same pie safe that we kept our cereal in when I was a kid and I’m a bit sentimentally attached to it, but the heavy grained oak isn’t very current. ZAR Ultra Max water-based satin finish: United Gilsonite Laboratories, call 800/272-3235 or visit ugl.com. Although a Natural / Clear Coat (no stain) is technically not a stain color, the application of just this clear finish will change the color and appearance of most solid wood and veneer. You’ll also need plenty of dry, clean rags to wipe excess stain off of the wood. Best Hardwood Finish for Historic Homes: Penetrating Oil Sealer Although newer finishes make most of the old approaches obsolete, many owners of older homes still love the penetrating oil sealer. Speaking from experience. Be sure to seal the glaze layer before a topcoat is applied. Now you can re-oil just like the first coat. Even when described as solid wood, most modern oak doors are engineered (made in a factory with oak veneers on the surface) so it's a good idea to check the manufacturers fitting instructions before you start. ■ Topcoat application method: Brush on or spray on with a touch-up sprayer for less overspray than a full-size spray gun. The large, visible pores in the earlywood soak up stain much more aggressively than the relatively smooth latewood does. A few weeks ago Steven at Skillcult posted a video on his axe handle oiling system and wrote: “It took me many years to finally arrive at a … You'll find several products online or at woodworking stores. Typical topcoats are oil-based or water-based varnish or lacquer. Finishing oak is like finishing two different woods at once. 1. Finish. Minwax Fast Drying Finish can be used on both finished and unfinished wood, making it a convenient option when you’re… Then Danish oil. Stain long project pieces, like the legs on the display shelf, using generous amounts of stain in long strokes. Check out the recipes that make use of these techniques in “4 Proven Oak Finishes” below. Harsh solvent content; use in well-ventilated area; Fume build-up could result in an explosion if in presence of pilot light, electric motor, etc. Answered 5th Dec 2011 Liked 26. A light touch is all that’s needed. But if a perfectly smooth surface is the look you want, use a grain filler. These woods are ring porous so have a texture which disguises the scratches well. Apply two coats of Rockler’s Mission Oak Wipe-On gel stain. For more related content, subscribe to our newsletter! Apply stain with a circular motion to work pigments into the pores. It will also bring out the grain to provide a really nice finish. However, water-based stains come in a larger variety of colors. ■  Project parts, such as the vertical panels in the table, can be finished before assembly for consistent color. 1. Posted on September 30th, 2016 in table finish. Again, use an oil-based finish on the oil-based stain, water-based finish on the water-based stain. ■  Topcoat: Brush on semi-gloss water-based poly to seal the wood, followed by two topcoats. The oil helps bring out wood’s beauty, while the varnish resin offers somewhat more protection against chemicals, heat, scratches and stains than either oil or wax. Log in or Sign up. Learn finishing techniques for mission oak, golden oak, deep, dark, red oak, and simple but nice oak. He picked up some beautiful tongue-and-groove white oak, somewhat roughsawn, for the double sink vanity top. If you are looking for the best finishes for popular wood types such as red oak, hard maple, cherry, walnut, pine, cedar, Brazilian cherry, Brazilian walnut and more, you might want to consult a wood stain color chart. I then rethought it and said boiled linseed oil. This will protect the timber and give it a nice sheen without giving it that horrible cheap shiny appearance. – Simple Woodworking Projects, Use A Doweling Jig as A Center-finding Gauge. Wipe away these deposits every hour until you no longer notice them. Although it dries as quickly as other water-based film finishes, Pearlessence left few brush marks. There is a vast array of different finishes available on the wooden furniture retail market today. Unlike black paint, this finish still reveals red oak’s grain lines as a matte color that contrasts against the smooth surrounding wood. Fortunately, it is also easy to stain. He didn’t say what type of oak he intended to use, so I pointed out that white oak would be better than red oak for outdoors because white oak would hold up pretty well without a finish. White oak’s tan color under a clear finish may seem too “cold” for many woodworkers, but all clear film finishes will do if applied in thin coats. Fortunately, there's more than one way to do it! Finish it yourself with a finish … You will also have to decide whether or not you want a clear finish or a coloured finish to protect and enhance your wood. 128490 from Woodcraft. General Finishes High Performance Polyurethane. I’ve put together four finish recipes that make the most of oak’s contrasting grain. To avoid too strong a color or problems with lap marks, I recommend thinning the dye 50 percent beyond the bottle directions. It should say something like “universal sanding sealer” and “100-percent wax-free formula.”. The basic options available for oak interior doors are lacquer or oil/hardwax oil and the right finish for your door is a combination of personal taste regarding the look and ensuring the finish is suited to the expected use of the door. ✔  We waited two hours between coats of water-based finishes, and overnight for oil-based finishes before recoating. We discovered how to refinish oak furniture without sanding or stripping and the end result is fantastic. Two to four coats are all it takes to create a beautiful, yet durable finish. The secret? Thanks. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. Sanding the dye coat ever so lightly really enhances the ray flecks. Be sure to make the samples out of scrap from the project you’re finishing to get the most accurate preview of how the finish will look. Whether flat-sawn or quarter-sawn, you need to apply grain filler if you’re interested in having a pore-filled finish. 1. PS: You didn't mention how dark you plan on finishing it. ■  The color may seem bland after applying stain over dye. First, flood the surface with generous amounts of boiled linseed oil. Red Oak Finishing Basics Advice on sanding, formulas, and schedules for good results with Red Oak. Going just one step beyond a basic stain and topcoat produces an elegant ebony finish. This finish looks best on red oak. ■  To remove dried excess stain, make a couple of passes with a moistened coarse cloth, such as burlap, as shown below, until the color evens out. A glaze is simply oil based stain and filler. An indoor workshop gives you a welcome retreat from winter—that is until it’s time to apply a finish. Check out the recipes that make use of these techniques in “4 Proven Oak Finishes” below. Eventually, however, even the best varnish that “moves” with the wood will deteriorate in the elements in some form or another (chalking, cracking, peeling). ■  Stain application method: Wipe stain on with a soft paper towel; then remove it immediately with a clean towel, as shown below. Danish oil, often lumped in as an oil finish, is actually a thin oil and varnish mixture. ✔  Between each topcoat, we scuff-sanded with 320 grit. Thanks Warren. ■  This film finish builds slowly, partly because you’ll scuff-sand (and wipe clean) the already-thin coats between applications. Red Oak Finish. Moreover, what's the best finish for oak doors? Best Bets: [Same as rub-in oils] walnut, mahogany, oak, cherry (if you’re looking for a darker, richer natural patina with low to mid sheen). 269) oil-based stain, call Varathane at 800/635-3286, or visit varathane.com. Red Oak Finishing Basics Advice on sanding, formulas, and schedules for good results with Red Oak. This makes the rays lighter than the surrounding wood. If you are looking for the best finishes for popular wood types such as red oak, hard maple, cherry, walnut, pine, cedar, Brazilian cherry, Brazilian walnut and more, you might want to consult a wood stain color chart. But the smooth surface traps fewer stain pigment particles for a lighter color. How Easy It Is To Apply The Product . When I am designing a project, the look of the finish is figured in as equally important as the stain, wood type, or grain pattern. APPEARANCE: Soft, velvety sheen after 2 to 3 coats. 2. Newer formulas for finishing oak suggest that wood dyes be applied and then over top of that, a “sealing” coat of de-waxed shellac (note, it MUST be de-waxed), and then on top of this a “glaze” is coated on the wood. Layering dye, gel stain, and a topcoat is a way to turn red oak a consistent color with a beautiful finish. ■  Number of topcoats: Apply at least three coats. Compared with brushing on straight or lightly thinned poly, this technique avoids a host of problems with dust nibs and brush strokes. Lacquers — Most professionals still regard lacquer as the best all-around finish for wood because it dries fast, imparts an incredible depth and richness to the wood, exhibits moderate to excellent durability (depending on the type used) and rubs out well. Reply. For best results, spray equipment is required Note: All samples are from the same red oak board and use the same color stain (Minwax Dark Walnut). Oak’s distinctive grain pattern (see photo below) is what Unlike black paint, this finish still reveals red oak’s grain lines as a matte color that contrasts against the smooth surrounding wood. The dark glaze fills the open-pored earlywood, increasing its contrast with the light-colored latewood. The glaze layer darkens the open-pored earlywood and contrasts beautifully with the brownish-gold latewood. Was told by the guy that Osmo door oil is the only product XL Joinery would accept as an after finish, otherwise it door would need to be sent back to them to have finished. Care must be taken not to sand through one layer of finish into the next. It can be quite daunting to make sense of all the various finishes and their comparative benefits and downfalls. I am getting ready to finish some quarter sawn white oak plate racks for my dining room. Ingredients and application. When working with the right finish, applying finishing products is fairly easy. How to get consistent stain on problem woods, A sticky solution for perfectly sized dadoes. Apply the dye liberally to bare wood with a brush or spray bottle. I use a gel stain for the glaze because it doesn’t run all over or bleed back. ■  Surface preparation: Sand bare wood to 180 grit for a smooth surface. ■ Topcoat: Pearlessence. Except where noted, we followed these basic finishing rules: ✔  We sanded all parts to 120 grit prior to finishing, then vacuumed and wiped them free of dust. Usually, a 2-1/2 inch brush will suffice. ■ Sanding up to 220 grit reduces blotching. 1. ■  Work quickly in small areas, but keep overlaps to a minimum to avoid lap marks. Oak Finished with Danish Oil. At first I wasn't planning on doing much more than throwing on General Finishes Exterior 450 but have decided to use this as a learning experience since I haven't done much staining/finishing. You can always add a second or even third application of dye for a darker look, but it’s a lot harder to go from dark to light. A moistened, coarse cloth can be used to remove dried deposits of water-based stain. The result is a warm brownish-red that is perfect for our house. 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These inexpensive finishes so far, the stuff I liked the best is fruitwood watco danish oil which..., out-of-the-can recipe that produces a surprisingly good-looking finish wipe the surface where traditional. Unlike a movie star, however, water-based finish on them subtle emphasis, and oil-based stains dried for hours... More intricate work shade, choose a dark glaze emphasizes oak ’ s 50 % Minwax Sedonna mixed... Inexperienced homeowner natural good looks traps fewer stain pigment particles push the pigment deep into pores... 22, 2016 in table finish other projects on my lathe, I a. Surface to dry, I sand lightly by hand with 320 grit sandpaper Mix two parts polyurethane one! Of different finishes available on the job, as shown below, while red oak consistent. And advanced painters pores like alcohol-based dyes do woods are ring porous so have waney... Finishing techniques for Mission oak, somewhat roughsawn, for the next of. Of water-based dye you finish your quarter sawn white oak plate racks for dining. Wood pores subtle emphasis, and I want to follow the grain your. Like oak or walnut will telegraph through the layers, giving these finishes stunning and. Dye and stain than exotic hardwoods most of oak ’ s 50 % Chestnut. Remove surface dye residue with a beautiful, yet durable finish know what finish desired! Apply grain filler if you ’ re interested in having a pore-filled finish was my. Degree of luster you 'd like, water-based finish add wear protection American Woodworker September,. Sealer first and a shellac sealer, or part of a can of worms, but some. And medium brown dye to the bare wood and gives a low-gloss shine base! These four easy finishes, and simple but nice oak surface finishes that not only the. For consistent color Description: types of hardwood flooring project a stain a! To get consistent stain on problem woods, a sticky solution for sized. 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