Immediately, by pure intuition, inexplicable to us. Logtea, chap. When the righteous become wicked, his treatment of them must change. If God can make impurity to be purity, then God in himself is indifferent to purity or impurity, and he ceases thereby to be God. 6and 13; part ii,chap. By Absolute or Immanent Attributes, we mean attributes which respect the inner being of God, which are involved in God's relations to himself, and which belong to his nature independently of his connection with the universe. First Division.—Spirituality, and attributes therein involved. We grant that a thing is often known to be right by the fact that it is useful; but this is very different from saying that its usefulness makes it right. Hence " nominalism is incompatible with the idea of revelation. Man, by virtue of his free-will, determines his action from within. As we may be kind, but must be righteous, so God, in whose image we are made, may be merciful, but must be holy. (a) Omnipotence does not imply power to do that which is not an object of power; as, for example, that which is self-contradictory or contradictory to the nature of God. God is the sum of all desirable qualities. They are not mere names for human conceptions of God—conceptions which have their only ground in the imperfection of the finite mind.  [1] The Jealousy of God, by Mike Taylor [2] The Attributes of God by A.W. The sun is not fickle or partial because it melts the wax but hardens the clay —the change is not in the sun but In the objects it shines upon. With creation space began to be, and since God sees according to truth, he recognizes relations of space in his creation. Gen. 8 :1—" God remembered Koah"= interposed by special act for Noah's deliverance, showed that he remembered Noah. Beason teaches us that no change is possible in God, whether of increase or decrease, progress or deterioration, contraction or development. With respect to all finite existences, God can say: I was, I am, I shall be, I will do; but with respect to his own existence, all that he can say Is: I am, I do. In righteousness God reveals chiefly his love of holiness; in justice, chiefly his hatred of sin. Nevertheless, God caused his glory to pass by Moses while he hid Moses in a cleft of the rock, and then God let Moses see his back after he had passed by, but said, “my face shall not be seen” (Exodus 33:21–23). But as they respect his own existence, everything is here and now. "We have a sense of right and wrong independently of all considerations of happiness or Its loss.". And any very short period of time (such as one day) seems to God to last forever. And yet even among the moral attributes one stands as supreme. God has all the power that is consistent with infinite perfection—all power to do what is worthy of himself. Is the soul of the prophet rapt into God's timeless existence and vision? Reaching these attributes requires a person to relinquish his ego, and focus solely on how he can become more like God, while still staying humble and knowing his own human nature. And God spoke all these words, saying, “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. earth "; Phil. Justice is nothing but the recognition and enforcement of this natural necessity. RELATION* OF THE ATTRIBUTES TO THE ESSENCE OF GOIJ. 117. We may learn of God's holiness. Copyright © 2020 HarperCollins Publishers. A divine being possesses both the transitive and intransitive attributes of God, in perfection, by nature. 6 : 3—" Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts "—notice the contrast with the unclean lips, that must be purged with a coal from the altar (verses 5-7); 2 Cor. . (e) Justice in God, as the revelation of his holiness, is devoid of all passion or caprice. We are not bound to obey either of these, except upon the ground that they are right. John 3 : 33—" hath set his seal to this, that God is true "; Rom. Julius MUller, Doct. But this implies that truth, reason, love, holiness, equally with God's essence, are all products of will. The centre of unity is not in any one attribute, but in the essence.". The psalmist affirms that God is timeless in Psalm 90:2: “Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever you had formed the earth and the world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.”. In the New Testament, Peter tells us, “with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day” (2 Peter 3:8). Descartes said that God could have made It untrue that the radii of a circle are all equal. From eternity: lets 15:18—" the Lord, who maketh these things known from the beginning of the world." Immutability is consistent with constant activity and perfect freedom. 2, quaes. Even polytheism cannot rest in the doctrine of many gods, as an exclusive and all-comprehending explanation of the universe. Swedenborg. God delights fully in himself and in all that reflects his character. When Christ died to pay the penalty for our sins it showed that God was both righteous and just, because he paid the wages of sin (Romans 6:23) and forgave his people. The calm indignation of the Judge, who pronounces sentence with tears, is the true image of the holy anger of God against sin. God’s attributes are usually classified under two categories. The former, such as self-existence, simplicity, infinity, etc., belong to the constitutional nature of God, as distinguished from His will. He’s called the “Holy One of Israel” (Psalm 71:22, 78:41, 89:18; Isaiah 1:4, 5:19, 24). We reply, that to make truth and good matters of mere will, instead of regarding them as characteristics of God's being, is to deny that anything is true or good In itself. See Bishop Butler's Sermons upon Human Nature, Bonn's ed., 385-414, showing " the supremacy of conscience in the moral constitution of man." God does whatever he pleases. 17: 27— "He is not far from each one of us: for in him we lire, and more, and have our being.". He is everywhere and fills heaven and earth: “‘Am I a God at hand, says the Lord, and not a God afar off? We speak of transitive verbs, and we mean verbs that are followed by an object. Learn more in Wayne Grudem's Systematic Theology online course. To "limit the Holj One of Israel" (Ps. 8:6, 15:27–28). ", Jer. Scripture seems to attribute to God emotions of grief and anger at human sin (Gen 6 : 6—" it grieved him at his heart"; Rom. In calling spirituality an attribute of God, we mean, not that we are justified in applying to the divine nature the adjective "spiritual," but that the substantive "Spirit" describes that nature (John 4: 24, marg.—"God is spirit"; Rom. In the nature of things, infinity and absolute perfection are possible only to one. The latter, as truth, goodness, mercy, justice, holiness, etc., qualify Him as a moral Being. By personality we mean the power of self-consciousness and of self-determination. See also Hill, Divinity, 517. 2 : 6, 8—" emptied himself humbled himself." When we see or touch body, we get the idea of space in which the body exists, but the idea of space is not furnished by the sense; It is an a priori cognition of the reason. God might at will cease to be omnipresent, for he could destroy the universe; but while the universe exists, he is and must be in all its parts. We have the ground of our existence outside of us. We might as well say that the boiling tea-kettle is alive (Pres. 1 Iinge 8:27—" Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain thee." We do not need to go up to heaven to call him down, or into the abyss to call him up (Rom. Samuel Hopkins, Works, 2: 9-66— Holiness — love of being in general. God is self-existent. The following are four of the many ways He is beyond our understanding. 1:17). 5: 44, 45—"love your enemies, that ye may be sons of your Father " ; John 3:16—" God so loved the world "; 2 Pet. In God are unopened treasures, an inexhaustible fountain of new beginnings, new creations, new revelations. 1: 131), as among the modern Japanese Shintos, indicates the remains of a primitive spiritual religion. God’s natural attributes are the non-moral superlatives of God, such as his knowledge and power. God is the final standard of good, and that all that He is and does is worthy of approval. This complexity In God is the ground of blessedness for bim and of progress for us: 1 Tim. Yet this is not to say that one attribute is of as high rank as another. The declaration that Christ is "the Lamb .... slain from the foundation of the world " implies the existence of a principle in the divine nature which requires satisfaction, before God can enter upon the work of redemption. In further explanation we remark: A. John Milton seems also to deny God's foreknowledge of free acts: "So, without least impulse or shadow of fate. If Satan were God, we should be bound to obey him. On space and time as unlimited, see Porter, Hum. Penalty is only the reaction of God's holiness against that which is its opposite. (a) In virtue of his veracity, all his revelations to creatures consist with his esseutial being and with each other. Deut 32 : 40—" For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, is I live forever ...;" Ps. By this we mean that the nature, attributes, and will of God are exempt from all change. Tri-Personality. Scripture frequently indicates God’s will as the final or most ultimate reason for everything that happens. All the attributes of Christ, as God and man, are at our disposal. 15: 8—"God, which knoweth the heart;" Heb. But God loves and affirms self, not as self, but as the holiest. instance Christmas Evans's sermon describing a Council in the Godhead, in which the Attributes of Justice, Mercy, Wisdom, and Vower argue with one another. Spirit in God Implies endless and inexhaustible life. God guards our way, He has our back, and He leads us step by step along the way. Nothing impossible: Gen. 18:14—" Is anything too hard for the Lord?" It is not precisely accurate to say that space is In God, for this expression seems to intimate that God is a greater space which somehow includes the less. (a) The immanent truth of God is to be distinguished from that veracity and faithfulness which partially manifest it to creatures. Num. Titus 3: 4—"his love toward man"; Rom. As between power or utility on the one hand, and right on the other hand, we must regard right as the more fundamental. Whedon therefore believes, not in God's unchangmJth'iu^, but in God's unduimjiiiont:^. 17:1—" I am God Almighty." Schleiertnacher held that nature not only is grounded in the divine causality, but fully expresses that causality; there is no causative power in God for anything that is not real and actual. Answer: The Bible, God’s Word, tells us what God is like and what He is not like. We are to imitate God’s mercy in our conduct toward others: “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy” (Matthew 5:7). God cannot be comprehended as He really is (1 Cor. Experience furnishes the occasion of its evolution, but the mind evolves the conception by its own native energy. With him there is no time; no before or after with respect to time; nor has time any existence in the divine mind, or in the nature of things Independently of the minds and perceptions of creatures; but it depends on the succession of those perceptions." God has no beginning, end, or succession of moments in his own being—he is timeless—and he sees past, present, and future equally vividly. he performeth the thing that is appointed for me; and many such things are with him " ). (c) From the example of Christ, whose life was essentially an exhibition of supreme regard for God, and of supreme devotion to his holy will. See British Quarterly, July, 1877, on Matthew Arnold and Bishop Butler. For a valuable article on the whole subject, though advocating the view that God foreknows acts by foreknowing motives, see Bib. The self-affirming purity of God demands a like purity in those who have been made in his image. Scripture’s narrative frequently describe God’s wrath, especially when God’s people sin against him. The very existence of God’s Word in written form testifies to God’s interest and action in His world. "Infinite wisdom and infinite holiness consist in, and result from, God's volitions eternally." Side by side with these anthropomorphic expressions and manifestations, moreover, are specific declarations which repress any materializing conceptions of God; as, for example, that heaven is his throne and the earth his footstool (Is. Knowing is distinguishing; what we cannot distinguish from other things we cannot know. God knows and wills truth, because he is truth. But in God the reserve is infinite. Ps. God is reliable and faithful in his words. Conscience in man is but the reflex of holiness in God. So it shouldn’t be surprising that God intensely hates sin. 11:25-27) 14. 1 John 4 : 8—"God is love"; 3 :16—"hereby know we love, because be laid down bis life for us"; John 17 : 24 —" thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world "; Rom. The two great methods of determining what these attributes are, are the Rational and the Biblical. Upon this view, right and wrong are variable quantities. 23 : 19—" God is not a man that he should lie"; Tit. Moreover, these permanent and uniform sources of expression and action to which we have applied the terms principle, proclivity, disposition, since they exist harmoniously in the same person, must themselves inhere, and find their unity, in an underlying spiritual substance or reality of which they are the inseparable characteristics and partial manifestations. Julius MUller, Doct. On the whole subject of Holiness, see Baudissin, Begriff der Heiligkeit im A. T.; synopsis In Studien und Kritiken, 1880:16(1; Robertson Smith, Prophets of Israel, 224-234. We may use imagination in prayer, picturing God as a benignant form holding out arms of mercy, but we should regard such pictures only as scaffolding for the building of our edifice of worship, while yet we recognize, with the Scripture, that the reality worshiped is immaterial and spiritual. 18 (quoted In Porter, Moral Science, 125): Descartes (referred to in Hickok, Moral Science, 27, 28). 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