3. Instead of eating large quantities of low-quality feed like grass, deer must select the most nutritious plants and parts of plants. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer species native to western North America. Stotting – Mule deer have a very unique way of running. You can differentiate them from their whitetail cousin by looking at their ears. They measure from 31 - 42 inches in height and 4 to 7 feet in length. © 2020 Mule Deer Foundation | Privacy Policy | Links, Put money directly on the ground for mule deer and black-tailed deer, Is your State not represented? Mule Deer Facts. December 21, 2020 at 3:56 PM Happy Winter Solstice! In addition, mule deer do not flash their tails in alarm. Mature bucks typically have eight to 10 total points (including brow tines that exceed one inch). Mule deer 1. Another distinguishing factor is their antlers. Mule deer bucks, on the other hand, have antlers that grow outward and up with forked branches. The ability to migrate is essential for mule deer to travel to, and access, important seasonal habitats. Occasionally, whitetail bucks grow “non-typical” antlers, in other words antlers that contain unusual or odd tines. The rocky hillside areas of Texas are where a large number of them are often spotted. Mule deer have no upper teeth, only a hard palate. Nevertheless, since these majestic creatures share their inhabitants with coyotes and mountain lions, they are not easy to take down. Mule deer range from 3 to 3-1/2 feet tall at the shoulder, 4-1/2 to 7 feet long and have a tail that is 5 to 8 inches long. Mule Deer: Size: Whitetail deer usually weigh between about 90 to 200 pounds. In this new section of the Mule Deer Foundation Web site, we provide answers to some general questions about our species: Mule deer and black-tailed deer (collectively called mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus) are icons of the American West. The deer in this area are mule deer. ENCOUNTERING NEWBORN DEER FAWNS Fact Sheet #26 EARLY LIFE BEHAVIOR Shortly after birth, mule deer fawns exhibit hiding behavior to avoid detection and maximize survival. Interesting Mule deer Facts: Mule deer can reach 4 1/2 to 7 feet in length and 130 to 280 pounds of weight. Migration allows mule deer to avoid deep snow and other harsh conditions during winter and take They flee with high jumps, leaping and landing on all four legs at once. Contact us to start a Mule Deer Foundation Chapter in your area, Tuesday, January 21, 2020 MDF Wyoming Regional Director Shawn Blajszczak presents a $5,000 check to Wyoming Game & Fish Commissioners Mike Schmid and Richard Ladwig…. Unlike the white-tailed deer, mule deer lives on land west of the Missouri River.They also live in the Rocky Mountains region of North America. weight True or False: The record antler spread for mule deer is 47.5 inches. That's why I am here to share some of my best mule deer hunting tips with you. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears. Mule Deer Facts Odocoileus hemionus Physical Features Mule deer are fairly easy to identify by their large ears, here are some interesting mule deer facts about these neat animals. Interesting Mule deer Facts: Mule deer can reach 4 1/2 to 7 feet in length and 130 to 280 pounds of weight. Mule deer forage for a wide variety of plants that differ with geographical ranges and seasonally depending on what resources are available. The pelage of mule deer ranges from dark brown gray, dark and light ash-gray to brown and even reddish. The coat of mule deer ranges from dark brown gray, dark and light gray to brown and even reddish. Lifespan. Nous voudrions effectuer une description ici mais le site que vous consultez ne nous en laisse pas la possibilité. Click to … Mule deer have another cool trick to get away from these predators: They run by stotting, which is when all four feet leave the ground at the same time. Mule deer are social animals that typically stay in groups. Mule deer are brownish-gray in color, have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. Mule deer antlers are bifurcated; they “fork” as they grow, rather than branching from a single main beam, as is the case with white-tails. kristen_vingoe. The pelage of mule deer ranges from dark brown gray, dark and light ash-gray to brown and even reddish. Cinnamon is a very common color for them. Learn more The color of the mule deer’s coat changes with the seasons, from short, reddish-brown in the summer, to longer, grayish-tan in the winter months. The idea seems straightforward and promising; if we just don’t allow hunters to harvest young bucks, they will grow older and bigger and be available for harvest later. The most noticeable differences between white-tailed and mule deer are the size of their ears, the color of their tails, and the configuration of their antlers. Today is quite unique in that a major celes... tial event occurs tonight! The male ruminant grow antlers throughout the summer and fall and shed them every spring. Hueco Tanks State Park & Historic Site - Texas Parks and Wildlife. Mule deer are extremely popular game animals in Utah. Mule deer, (Odocoileus hemionus), a medium-sized, gregarious deer of western North America that derives its name from its large ears. The average male deer weighs 200 pounds and the female deer weighs 150 pounds. Match. They have a brown coat in the summer and grayish coat in the winter in color, mule deer have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. Icon credits: DNA by LAFS from the Noun Project, Food Chain by James Keane from the Noun Project Plant pictures: Geranium by Ed Rich, Lupine by Madam … The whitetail is the most abundant species in the United States. Sure, you could save preference points for 10 years and have a great hunt. What are the differences between mule deer antlers and those of a white-tailed deer. Mule Deer Facts. Only the underside of the white-tailed deer’s tail is white, while the mule deer’s tail is all-white with a black tip and is much smaller. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (55) What is the scientific name of a mule deer? Not sure why, of all the places you hunt mule deer that one strikes your fancy, but good luck. Adaptations. The female deer are smaller than the male. Mule deer are typically 3 to 3.5 feet at the shoulder and measure 4.5 to 7 feet long with a 5 to 8 inch … They can detect water that is up to two feet below ground. They are so-named because of their large ears that look like a mule's ears. Newborn fawns spend more than 95 percent of their time hiding. Mule Deer have a very wide distribution out there. However, there are two major differences between the mule deer vs whitetail. Mule deer are primarily browsers, with a majority of their diet comprised of forbs (weeds) and browse (leaves and twigs of woody shrubs). Only landscape-scale conservation efforts can make long-term gains in mule deer abundance in many areas. STUDY. Large bucks rarely exceed 95 kg (210 pounds); does weigh about a third less. Mule deer usually live 9-11 years in the wild and can live to be much older when in captivity. They can weigh between 130-280 pounds. VIEW ALL STUDIES > Research: our current projects. They have a brown coat in the summer and grayish coat in the winter in color, mule deer have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. Because of this, mule deer have more specific forage requirements than cattle or elk that share their habitat. Mule deer are also afflicted with infectious keratoconjunctivitis, spread by flies, which affects the tissues sur-rounding the eye. The gestation period is approximately 200 days, with fawns arriving in the spring; the young will remain with mothers throughout the summer and become weaned in the autumn. Whitetail deer facts that will tell you all about Bambi's species. The mule deer has a height from 80 to 106 cm (31 to 42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). The male ruminant grow antlers throughout the summer and fall and shed them every spring. Fact Sheet #1 UNDERSTANDING MULE DEER AND ANTLER POINT RESTRICTIONS Fact Sheet #6 BACKGROUND Increasing the number of big-antlered bucks is typically the basis for hunter demands to implement antler point restrictions. Their weight can be anywhere from 95 – 330lb, however the general average is around the 200lb mark. They have better nighttime vision than humans, but less accurate daytime and color vision. Disease and parasites influence overall population health, numbers, distribution, and sex and age composition. With each bound, a mule deer may jump as high as two feet and as far as 15 feet. The average lifespan for mule deer is from 8 to 10 years in the wild, while in captivity individuals may live up to 20 years. Odocoileus virginianus b.) Ecological Applications. Mule deer is covered with coat that is light brown or reddish-brown during the summer and grey during the winter. Because the eyes of mule deer are located on the sides of their heads, they can see a 310 degree view around themselves. Mule deer have been introduced to Argentina and Hawaii. Mule deer sport main beams that fork, and then fork again. The Mule Deer is considered to be a larger species of deer. Colors vary from a light grey to a dark grey, from a light brown to a lush dark brown and some are even a brownish red lush color. Mule deer are selective feeders. These large deer are quite unique creatures. Less common bacterial infections of free-ranging mule deer include plague, leptospirosis, Johne’s disease, and bacterial pneumonia. Mule deer are intermediate feeders that predominantly browse but also eat fords, small amounts of grasses, and when available fruits, nuts, and berries. Fawns are born in late spring to mid-summer and are spotted at birth but loose their spots within a few months. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) lives in the western Missouri River of North America. Mule Deer Facts Mule deer are simple to identify due to their large mule-like ears. or less commonly in a thin tuft of white hairs (see photo of a young Mule deer). White-tailed deer, however, do live in Colorado, including as close as Fort Collins, Denver and Granby, so I thought it would be insightful to talk about some of the differences and how to identify them when you do see them down the hill. These deer have large ears, which look … Please feel free to contact us! Mule deer is a deer species native to Western North America, and it gets its name from its long ears that resemble those of a mule and can move independently. Odocoileus hemionus. Research suggests that a mule deer can detect human odor at up to a half mile away. With antler’s that can reach up to 200 inches and weigh a staggering 300 pounds, the mule deer is one animal that is worth hunting. False - 300 is the max. Write. In late summer and autumn, mixed family groups form larger groups that stay together for protection throughout the winter. Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) Species Code: ODHE Description: The Mule Deer is a large mammal. Joined Apr 13, 2020 Messages 8. neffa3 said: Green gulch road is open during Oct and Nov for motor vehicles 48" in width and under. Fact Sheet #1 UNDERSTANDING MULE DEER AND WINTER FEEDING Fact Sheet #2 BACKGROUND - Supplemental winter-feeding programs, despite broad social appeal and acceptance, are expensive, can negatively affect mule deer behavior and biology, and save very few deer. They break into smaller groups again by the next summer. The mule deer (Odocileus hemionus) is a species of deer.They are sometimes called black-tailed deer.They live in western North America.Their name was given to them because of their mule-like ears.There are many subspecies, including the black-tailed deer. Test. Reproduction. Whitetail Typical white-tailed deer antlers have several antler tines that arise singly off a main beam that sweeps outward and forward from the bases. ... Another distinguishing factor is their antlers. The lighter facial coloration makes the eye rings and muzzle markings seem less obvious. Mule deer are simple to identify due to their large mule-like ears. Though larger than the Texas whitetail, Texas’ mule deer are smaller than their northern cousins. What does it take to draw a mule deer license? Bucks weigh from 55 to 150 kg (121 to 331 lb), averaging around 92 kg (203 lb), while does weigh from 43 to 90 kg (95 to 198 lb), averaging  around 68 kg (150 lb). Ensuring the conservation of mule deer, black-tailed deer and their habitat. Mule deer have antlers that fork or branch out from numerous points. Overall however, they can be identified not only by their ears, but also by the ever-changing color of their coat. We've put together some whitetail deer facts that will help you better understand your quarry. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears. Meanwhile, whitetail antlers only branch out from a singular beam. Mule deer are generally easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears (generally 3/4 the length of the head). Known scientifically as the Odocoileus Hemionus, the mule deer is a large one, and its appearance really varies. Because of this, deer have more specific forage requirements than larger ruminants. Mule deer have antlers that fork or branch out from numerous points. Mule deer also have striking pelage markings, large antlers, and scent glands. Mule deer have excellent hearing and eyesight that warns them of approaching dangers. The first Estes valley settlers within the early 1860’s found a moderately abundant this deer numbers. Learn more. Mating season occurs in autumn when does come into estrus for a period lasting only several days. A mule deer does not “flag” its tail (like a white-tailed deer), but often bounces away in a motion called “stotting,” in which all four hooves push off the ground at the same time. Share this Fact: View Comment. Welcome to mule deer fun facts with Ranger Diana. Mule deer, (Odocoileus hemionus), a medium-sized, gregarious deer of western North America that derives its name from its large ears. The identifying feature of white-tailed deer is their broad, white tail, especially visible when the tail stands up as the deer runs. Mule deer range from 3 to 3.5 feet (0.9 to 1 meter) tall at the shoulder, 4.5 to 7 … The male deer grow antlers during the summer and fall and shed them each spring. Some populations undertake long migrations between winter and summer ranges. They usually have a distinctive black forehead, or mask, that contrasts sharply with a light grey face. Mule deer range from 3 to 3-1/2 feet tall at the shoulder, 4-1/2 to 7 feet long and have a tail that is 5 to 8 inches long. There are two species and one additional sub-species of deer that inhabit the North American continent: whitetail deer, mule deer, and a sub-species of mule deer called coastal black-tailed. In fact, the mule deer can be larger than the size of a grown man in cases. Deer digestive tracts differ from cattle and elk in that they have a smaller rumen in relation to their body size, so they must be more selective in their feeding. 2019. In fact, they seem to be able to live just about anywhere as long as they have food, shelter, and access to water. Not sure why, of all the places you hunt mule deer that one strikes your fancy, but good luck. Bobcats, Canadian lynxes, wolverines, American black bears, and brown bears may prey upon adult deer, but most often only attack fawns or infirm specimens or eat the deer after it has died naturally. Mule deer live up to 9-11 years in the wild and 20 or more years in captivity. Odocoileus hemionus. Again, this is over the weight of a grown adult male, so you can get an idea of how big and heavy this type of deer can be. Each spring, a buck’s antlers start to regrow almost immediately after the old antlers are shed. Mule deer prefer open grasslands and perk-lands, or forest edge ecosystems. Life History. Spell. Mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus, are found throughout Utah in many types of habitats, including neighborhoods and backyards. There are 10 subspecies of mule deer. Odocoileus hemionus c.) Tayassu tajacu d.) Colinus virginianus. Newborn fawns are licked clean by the doe to minimize scent and have a spotted coat to help camouflage them. Created by. They seem to like the arid climate and to live where a variety of different plants are offered as a source of food. Long-term declines in mule deer populations have been largely attributed to changes in habitat, loss of migration corridors, and predator-prey relationships; however disease places additional pressure on waning populations. Ensuring the conservation of mule deer, black-tailed deer and their habitat. During summer, these deer are a tannish-brown color and in winter they are brownish-gray. mule deer The smaller coast, or black-tailed, deer ( O. hemionus columbianus ) is found along the Pacific coast from Alaska to northern California. Mule deer also have striking pelage markings, large antlers, and scent glands. Mule deer prefer open grasslands and perk-lands, or forest edge ecosystems. Mule deer can detect slight predator movement up to 600 meters away, but they are not very good at detecting motionless forms. They have a number of interesting behaviors and traits, learn more below. Meanwhile, whitetail antlers only branch out from a singular beam. Shedding typically takes place in mid-February, with variations occurring by locale. These bucks are considered 4-point bucks (the number of points on one side of the rack excluding the brow tines). DISEASE AND PARASITE OF MULE DEER Fact Sheet #11. 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