The fruit-tree pinhole borer, Xyleborinus saxesenii Ratzeburg (Figures 1 and 2), is an ambrosia beetle and a member of the weevil tribe Xyleborini. Guava may help manage diabetes, protect the heart, and boost digestive health. Scien... tific name : Bactrocera dorsalis. Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults suck sap that results in crinkling and yellowing of leaves and rotting of berries. (e) Stem Borer Common name: Mango stem borer Scientific name: Batocera rufomaculara De Geer Family: Cerambycidae Order: Coleoptera The grub tunnels into the stems. With only 37 calories in one fruit and … Guava whiteflies feed on guava leaves and, along with the green shield scale and weevils (in particular Anthonomus irroratus), require chemical pest control for guava grown commercially in Florida. Natural enemies of mealy bug: Predators: Chrysoperla carnea, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, and Spalgis epius Parasitoids: Aenasius advena. other crops like citrus, fig, grapevine, mango, guava and tamarind with peak period of infestation being August to November (Srivastava and Butani, 1998). In vitro OM digestibility of guava fruits was found to be low, from 24% for the immature fruit to 53% for the ripe fruit (Adrian et al., 2012). Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage. In most of the commercial guava varieties, the fruit stage ripeness is indicated by the color development which is usually yellow. This portal has been developed as part of the national level initiative - India Development Gateway (InDG), dedicated for providing information / knowledge and ICT based knowledge products and services in the domain of social development. Fruit that has been attacked may be unfit for consumption due to the larvae tunneling through the flesh as they feed. Bionomics. Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck; Preferred Common Name. Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 . Biology: Eggs: Eggs are laid singly on tender leaves, stalks and flower buds. Caterpillar bores into young fruits but they may also bore buds and tender shoots. Reductions in the total phenolic content in fruits of susceptible cultivars also causes damage ( Manoukas, 1993 ; Mohamed Jalaluddin and Sadakathulla, 1999 ). Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly. The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which “bleed” toward each other, sometimes connecting to each other in the middle. Nymphs and adults suck the sap from leaves, shoots and fruits. Breeding is continuous, with several annual generations. Pupa: Development occurs either inside the damaged fruits or on the stalk holding it. May Aid Weight Loss. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. Larvae faeces may be seen exuding out of the borer hole. ADVERTISEMENTS: Insects and Diseases that Occurs in Litchi Plant and its Control! The guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striataSchiner, is one of the most common species of fruit flies throughout most of its range. NAME: Guava Fruit Fly SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) PEST RATING: "A" Similar to Oriental Fruit Fly, but smaller, measuring about 6mm. InDG is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) Government of India initiative and is executed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. The harmful stage is caterpillar. The wings are clear with a very light dark streak along the front edge to about 3/4 length, followed by a separate light dark spot at the tip. Guava fruits. The young shoots dry and die away giving sickly look to the plant, Nymphs and adults make punctures on petiole, tender shoots and fruits, Brownish – black necrotic patches develop on the foliage, Elongate streaks and patches develop on shoots. Psidium guajava is a small tree in the Myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. Although related species may also be called guavas, they belong to other species or genera, such as the pineapple guava, Acca sellowiana. Blackish larva can be observed underneath the fresh webbing. The squash vine borer is a wrinkled, cream-colored caterpillar with a brown head, about 1 to 2 inches long. Ambrosia beetles are characterized by having a symbiotic relationship with fungi. The origin of the guava is unknown, but unofficially the claim is made by Central America or Southern Mexico. 7. The scientific name and botanical name of guava is Psidium guajava and it belongs to the family “Myrtaceae” and to the genus “Psidium”. Health Benefits of Guava In India, there are at least 80 insect species that attack the guava … Females lay eggs under the skin of host fruits. The other meteorological parameters, i.e. Guava (Psidium guajava) is a tropical fruit with a wide range of health benefits. For local guava marketing, fully yellow but firm fruits are harvested, whereas half yellow fruits are picked for selling in distant markets. Scientific Name of The Pest: Tuta absoluta Common Name of the Pest: Tomato leaf miner Damage To Crop: Larvae of Tuta absoluta mine the leaves, flowers, shoots, and fruit of tomato as well as the leaves and tubers of potato. Scientific name: Chlumetia transversa (Walker) Common names: Tipborer, shoot borer Alternate hosts: Cashew, Guava Destructive stage: Larva Parts affected: Young shoots and flowers Description: While mango tipborer is a common problem on young shoots, the … They are widely cultivated in almost every part of the world. The infestation of the pest may be identified by the presence of irregular tunnels and patches covered with silken web consisting of excreta and chewed up wood particles on the shoots, branches, stem and main trunk. Important California crops at risk include guava, peach, cherry, citrus, and melons. Feeds on internal contents (pulp and seeds) making the fruit hollow from inside. It is also called the apple of tropics ranking fourth most important commercial fruit crops of India. ADVERTISEMENTS: Plants belonging to genus Hibiscus act […] It is now widely grown all over the world. The adult moths are large and stout-bodied, with a wingspan of 100 mm. Common name Scientific name Cases. Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). This probably is because it is not considered to be of primary economic importance, although it often is abundant and may be highly destructive to dooryard plantings of some tropical fruits. There are around 150 varieties of guava not just the green oval shaped fruit we all picture. Pomegranate, Punica granatum, is a deciduous or evergreen tree or shrub in the family Punicaceae grown for its edible fruits. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. Preferred Scientific Name. Damage is severe because the green citrus aphid colonizes young shoots, buds, grafts and young plants, the development of which is inhibited. Scientific Name: Psidium guajava. In El Salvador, the wood of a guava shrub is used to make hair combs. Caterpillar/larva bores into young fruits. Fully grown maggot falls to ground and pupates in soil with pupal period of 5-30 days Usually 2-3 generations completed in a year. Severe damage can result in the death of attacked stem. Decay-producing organisms then enter, leaving the interior of the fruit a rotten mass. A major pest of several vegetables, ornamental plants, tropical orchard trees and was observed feeding on 76 species of plants belonging to 33 families. Female lays 22 eggs in cavities made on the fruit by ovipositor, egg period 2-3 days, maggot period, 7-10 days. Hind wings are yellow orange, with black patches and spots. The GFF is an exotic insect originating in southern Asia from Pakistan eastward through India and into Thailand. Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status: All over India and other grapevine growing countries. 5. It can be seen attacking mango tree in all mango growing regions. Family: Myrtaceae. Host range: Grapevine, Hibiscus, mulberry, guava, custard apple, okra, tamarind and glyricidia. Most ambrosia beetles carry several types of ambrosia fungi, with a more abundant primary fungus and other, auxiliary fungi present in the mycangia (specialized storage pocket… Guava fruits are probably highly palatable and it has been reported that livestock eat most of the fruits produced by trees growing in pastures in the tropics. However, it has not acquired a well-established common name as have others such as the Mexican, Caribbean, and Mediterranean fruit flies. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America. After hatching, larvae penetrate apical buds, flowers, new fruit, leaves, or stems. Tea mosquito bug: Helopeltis antonii. The fruit is replete with antioxidants and other nutrients like vitamin C and lycopene. Pest no :2 Common name : Oriental fruit fly, mango fruit fly. It is a powerhouse of fiber. To know the IPM practices for Guava, click here. and Green lacewing. Favorable conditions: The temperature of 28-360 C and 62-92% relative humidity and scanty rainfall during August to January are quite favorable for this pest. The pomegranate tree is branched and spiny with glossy, leathery, oval to oblong leaves that grow in whorls of five or more on the branches. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. minimum temperature, relative morning humidity and rain, had no significant influence on the incidence of the pests. This genus of plants is quite diverse with numerous economic and ecological benefits. In addition to growing guavas on the large open field, it is also possible to grow these fruits in containers, pots, greenhouse, poly houses, and also in backyards. Predators: Chrysoperla, Rove beetles, Spiders, Coccinellids, Robber fly, Dragonfly, Reduviid bug, Praying mantis, Fire ants, Big eyed bugs, Pentatomid bug, Earwigs, Ground beetles, common mynah and King crow. The green coloured caterpillar rolls the leaf and feeds on lamina within the roll. Natural enemies of mealy bug: Predators: Scymnus, Chilomenes sexmaculatus, Chrysoperla carnea, Predatory mantids, parasitic wasps, ladybird beetle, predatory mite. Introduction Guava (Psidium guajava L.) is one of the most important fruit crops of tropics. This pest is mainly found in South Asia, East Africa and Central America. In Brazil, strawberry guava typically ranges from 3 to 16 feet (1 to 5 m) in height, and its fruit is variable, yellow varieties being more common than red. Pupation takes place Leaf Roller (Platypeplus Aprobola Meyer): The new flushes are attacked by this pest through out the litchi growing area. Maggots tunnel through the fruit feeding on the pulp, shed their skins twice, and emerge through exit holes in eight to 17 days, depending on temperature. Guava fruits develop the best flavor and aroma when they ripen only on trees. These eggs hatch into larvae, or maggots, which tunnel through the flesh of the fruit, making it unfit for consumption. Maggots feed on fruit pulp that results in fruit rotting and fruit drop. Wings are clear with a spot on the wing tips. Body and legs are honey colored with a prominent black "T" marking on the abdomen. However, Anastrepha striatais an important pest in the American tropic… Introduction Common name: Guava Scientific name: Psidium guajava L. Family: Myrtaceae 3/14/2018 6 Guava is a common tropical fruits cultivated and enjoyed in many tropical and subtropical regions. Scientific name: Eudocima sp. Description of adult: There are three widely occurring species of fruit piercing moth: Eudocima salaminia, E. fullonia, E. jordani and E. materna. Damage occurs when the female lays eggs in the fruit. Guavas are a weight-loss-friendly food. Crops damaged : Mango, banana, sapota, fig, guava, papaya, passion fruit, peach, pear, pineapple, roseapple, citrus, coffee, etc. A number of commercially valuable fruits and vegetables are attacked by GFF (see Host List). The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes India has over 27,000 tons of the pink guava every year. Scientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis Nature of damage: About 50-70 percent fruits become damaged for fruit fly which could not be managed fully by the insecticides. 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